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Let me introduce myself. My name is Mark Sisson. I’m 63 years young. I live and work in Malibu, California. In a past life I was a professional marathoner and triathlete. Now my life goal is to help 100 million people get healthy. I started this blog in 2006 to empower people to take full responsibility for their own health and enjoyment of life by investigating, discussing, and critically rethinking everything we’ve assumed to be true about health and wellness...

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November 30 2010

Dear Mark: Are Hybrid Fruits and Vegetables Healthy?

By Mark Sisson
109 Comments

Dear Mark,

I was wanting to know if there is any danger in eating hybrid foods. I recently tried broccolini and then discovered that it was a hybrid between broccoli and Chinese kale. Is this dangerous to eat? Is it similar to GM? I would greatly appreciate your input on this before I start eating more of it.

Thanks, Angelina

Thanks, Angelina, for the question. It’s a good one, because even when we don’t explicitly seek out the obvious hybrids (broccolini, pluots, apriums, etc.), we’re still exposed to them. In case you didn’t know, hybrid fruits and vegetables are created by cross-pollinating two closely related species of the same genus or two cultivars or varieties within the same species. Though we’re talking about the artificial, man-enabled variety in today’s question, this phenomenon happens quite frequently in nature. Random hybridization is essentially how new species of plants arise – stretched out over time. Artificial hybridization operates on the same principle as natural hybridization, only with authorial intent.

So, does eating a pluot, a tangelo, a plate of broccolini, some seedless watermelon, a golden kiwifruit, or salad of hybrid cherry tomatoes mean we’re consuming an unholy bastard child that our ancestors wouldn’t have recognized as food? Of course not. These are legitimate, interesting varietals that taste good and offer beneficial dietary nutrients, just like their parents.

Technically speaking, all fruits and vegetables are hybrids. You go back far enough and it’s just pollen and seeds and wind and bees – one big swirling floral orgy – and every single plant we know today has ties to that epoch of love. Modern hybridized fruits and vegetables like broccolini and grapples come about in much the same way (cross-pollination), but with a little guiding intervention. And remember that many if not most “normal” fruits and vegetables we eat today are modern creations – the familiar yellow banana, boysenberries (a hybrid of raspberries and blackberries), grapefruit, meyer lemons, and numerous apple varieties (but more on this tomorrow). We’ve been cross-pollinating plants for centuries.

But wait: how similar are hybrid foods to GMOs? I mean, both represent forms of human intervention into nature for the purpose of improving it, right? We’re generally suspicious and skeptical of GMOs, so why do hybrids get a pass?

GMOs involve the combining of DNA molecules from disparate sources into a single molecule to form a new set of genes. The organism that receives this new DNA molecule gets modified, or new, genes, including ones that improve a plant’s hardiness, imbue it with powerful endogenous pesticides and/or herbicides, or lengthen its shelf life. Others increase the vitamin content and some increase the uptake of minerals from the soil. Whatever your opinion on GMOs, hybrids aren’t the same.

At first glance, I understand the hesitation, the instinctual drawing back. Mankind may be damn good at creating complex tools, inventing machines, erecting global communication networks, and generally manhandling anything the world can throw at us, but we seem to trip up when we try to circumvent nature. More specifically, our attempts to improve upon nature in the dietary realm have been downright disastrous. Industrial solvent-extracted seed oils, Crisco, HFCS, wheat fortified with extra gluten, acres and acres of soil-depleting monoculture crops, and (potentially troublesome) untested, unproven GMOs – our track record inspires little confidence.

But hybridization isn’t some monolith to be universally condemned. You have every right to be wary of it, but be smart about it. Hybridized wheat bred to have triple the gluten? Avoid it – but not because it’s a hybrid. Avoid it because it’s wheat with triple the gluten. It’s the gluten that’ll get you, not the fact that a human interfered in its conception. There’s no toxic byproduct created out of thin air by the act of hybridization. But broccolini, demon spawn of the deadly broccoli and toxic Chinese kale? C’mon. If a person is going to posit that broccolini is dangerous, they need to give a better reason than “It’s a hybrid.” Hybridization happens in nature. In and of itself, it’s a perfectly legitimate process. You need to identify specifics. What are the toxic elements being introduced or concentrated? Where are the nutritional deficits? You need to point to the “gluten of broccolini,” if it even exists.

If you accept the nutritional legitimacy of broccoli and Chinese kale (and you should – they’re great), you shouldn’t fear their love child (it was an arranged marriage, sure, but it worked out in the end) broccolini on dietary grounds. Lightly steam it, stir-fry it with a bit of butter or coconut oil, or add it, chopped, to a soup right before serving, and you’re in business. It’s full of potassium, folate, iron, soluble fiber, and vitamin C. You might run into talk online of a rat gene being spliced into broccolini to increase its vitamin C production, but it’s unsubstantiated, and the folks who originally made the claim have retracted and corrected it.

The same goes for the others. For example, pluots are fine if you tolerate apricots and plums. Sure, there’s a bit more (or a lot more, as the case may be) sugar, but that’s plainly evident once you taste one. The fructose content is not a hidden danger. It’s considered a feature by the producers. Just don’t eat a bag of them in a sitting, just as you wouldn’t eat a sack of donut holes.

Use common sense and avoid utter nonsense, like this supposed drawback to hybrid fruits and vegetables that I kept coming across online: that they’re missing “vital electrics.” Vital electrics. Yes. Those. I’m not entirely certain what electrics are, but the fact that they unerringly appear coupled with “vital” makes me think I need them. So, yeah – hybrid foods apparently lead to vital electrics deficiency. If you’ve ever eaten a hybrid vegetable, be sure to get your electrics tested. It’s absolutely vital that you do. Fruitarian guru David Wolfe seems to be the source of this vital electrics business, and he’s also of the opinion that a hybrid fruit is to be avoided because “it is confused.”

Hybrids aren’t a big deal either way. They’re just another type of vegetable, only cross-bred to maximize desired traits, like durability, yield, size, and taste. Eat them, or don’t, but don’t fret. You’ve got bigger things to be concerned with – the vegetable oil your food is cooked in, the wheat and sugar that worm their way into seemingly everything, the quality of your meat and fat, the overabundance of stress and scarcity of sleep, the strength of your social ties, the intensity of your workouts – so don’t worry whether broccolini is out to get you.

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109 thoughts on “Dear Mark: Are Hybrid Fruits and Vegetables Healthy?”

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  1. Gaahh! Broccolini is out to get me!! lol. Good post mark, not something I would have ever thought about so that was definitely a good question. Didn’t even know that those mini-tomatoes were ‘man made’ 🙂

    1. I work at an agriculture store and as far as I know, every single vegetable grown for commercial purposes is a hybrid, even the organic ones. It simply makes no sense to use pure lines as they are always weaker, less productive or just less some feature.
      There is something in genetics called “vigor of hybrids” and its usually best seen in first generation hybrids: F1. You get 2 different really pure lines and you cross them, and even if you didn’t do it for any particular purpose, you’ll always get better vigor (they grow stronger, healthier and with better fertility rates than their ancestors). And they’re about as strange as any human in this earth: Apart from the aborigine I don’t know of many other human races that haven’t been hybridized sometime in the close past. Or say, cross a Siberian husky with a Pharaoh hound (2 ancient pure-line breeds). Will you say the puppies lack vital electrics???? LOLOL I’m betting one will regret ever imagining such a thing

      1. The father away from the mother the less electrical components it possesses and becomes useless.

  2. I guess I should be avoided – sometimes I am confused.
    Electrics are vital to my computer(s) but they don’t enjoy fruit very much.

  3. All plants contain toxins (natural pesticides) to ward off being eaten by animals or insects. The public is demanding less pesticides. Seed producers have responded by modifying the plants to contain more toxins so less pesticides can be used. The most infamous example is now wheat contains much more lectins than it used to.

    So how do we tell if the modification was made to make the plant more nutritious or to kill insects (and us?)

    1. That cow is natural mutation, it is called Belgian Blue and NATURE created it, not man. We did keep the mutation going

  4. Hybrid foods? I really missed something here, I’ve never heard of them or seen them before. Broccolini sounds interesting, gonna keep my eyes peeled.

    1. they’re awesome. they run on gas on the highway, but on vital electrics in the city :p

      1. Chris, you’re killin’ me!!!! But don’t confuse Steve. I remember my Dad planted F1Cross about 45 years ago, a hybridized corn. Mendel’s work with peas was about hybridization as much as about genetics. So, yes, hybrids have been around for a long, long time. And the genetic traits are similar and move in ‘clumps’. GMO, on the other hand, can take a completely different gene (like splicing an animal gene into a plant gene or chromosome)and create some pretty odd stuff.

  5. I know what you mean when you say that all plants are the result of random hybridization, but it’s incorrect to say that’s how all new plant species arise. New species are formed by the process of speciation, and hybridization is a subset of that. For example, if you plant the same plant on two different islands with different environments, and after many generations they become two different species, that is called allopatric speciation. Sure, they’re hybrids of previous generations’ pollen, but it would not be accurate to have said the new species were a result of hybridization.

  6. In truth, a LOT of foods we take for granted are hybrids, and modified versions of their early cousins. Take an orange for example…
    The original was ugly, not uniform, and certainly was not a perfect round globe… They have been modified to what is universally recognised as an orange now. (Except at XMas, where mandarines and clemintines seem to be okay.)
    As consumers, we are obsessed with price, quality, and uniformity for our food. Tomatoes all look the same because they were picked while green, gassed until they are various grades. (Green, Pink, Orange, Red respectively.)
    Also, we have differing views on what is “normal” these days. In the case of broccoli crossed with Kale, that is nothing new, I believe it is called Guilan here in Chinatown, and believe me, it is awesome!

  7. This was a very interesting read. Just wanted to point out that Grapples (at least Grapple brand grapples), aren’t actually hybrids, but just apples that have been saturated with grape flavoring. And unless you’re a big fan of grape kool-aid, I’d say they are abominations ;-P

    1. haha- I thought of the grapple when I read this… Definitely an abomination and NOT a hybrid!

  8. Brilliant.

    “You go back far enough and it’s just pollen and seeds and wind and bees – one big swirling floral orgy – and every single plant we know today has ties to that epoch of love.”

  9. Another point with the GMO’s… corn, soybeans, etc. are being genetically modified to be “round-up ready” This allows the farmer to spray round-up on the whole field to get rid of weeds without harming the crop. so now there is round-up in your consumable crop. and the best part is the weeds are evolving and genetically modifying themselves. farmers are having to pay for the licensed gmo seeds AND having to spray harsher chemicals for weeds. Monsanto’s fix… working on plants that are resistant to the harsher herbicides… b/c that worked so well the first time!

    1. I saw that documentary…scary!
      And, they fly or drive around and dump seeds in organic fields to later on shut that farmer down for not having license to grow monsanto’s GMO plant.
      Brilliant eh?!

      They try to sabotage this organic movement and want to control ALL seeds to every food available on the planet…from what I saw in that documentary.

  10. Vital electrics refer to the organism’s ability to naturally reproduce. Many hybrids need to be grafted in order to replicate. Similarly, hybridized animals are often sterile–beefalo, mules, dzo, etc.

    1. But many other hybrids can reproduce just fine. Grow cucumbers and melons in the same garden for a few years running and you’ll just need to look at the sprouts of your compost heap to see fertile hybridization at work.

  11. The link to David Wolfe’s site made me laugh. I especially liked this part:
    “Mangos transport you into the ecstatic state of summer fun. Bananas make you feel like a wild primate!”
    The whole purity thing is pretty weird. I’m always suspicious of talk like that. A little too cult-ish for me.

    1. I agree with David Wolfe, I feel blessed to be able to experience these very peaceful thoughts as I enjoy natural whole foods! I can only pity those who don’t allow themselves to have this ability. And no, I am not one to be superstitious or brainwashed by no cult.

  12. Grapples aren’t hybrids, FWIW. They’re just apples bathed in “Concord grape flavor”.

    1. Jeewhiz, don’t we have enough artificial junk on our shelves, do they even have to junk our natural food selections too? People should learn to appreciate and enjoy the nature of things more and stop demanding all this artificial man-made JUNK!

  13. No, broccoli is not a hybrid of spinach and cauliflower!

    There is no nutritional problem with hybrids, but as many are sterile or lack reproductive efficacy, they do pose a problem from a sustainability perspective in that many hybrid vegetable lines are controlled solely by large seed companies, most of which are controlled by Monsanto and the like. So, by buying fancy hybrid vegetables & fruits, you are indirectly supporting these. However, many of the non-fancy vegetables you see in the store, like plain old broccoli or spinach, are in fact hybrids themselves, only hybridized for things like shelf life, colour, size, and occasionally flavour. These too are likely from sterile seed stock distributed by Monsanto-linked seed suppliers.

    Unfortunately, the only way around this is to buy from organic growers to whom you can actually speak and inquire as to the source of their seeds and whether the grower saves his/her own seeds and uses heritage, open-pollinated varieties. If you have no way of doing that, then there is no benefit in avoiding the fancy stuff.

    1. ” many hybrid vegetable lines are controlled solely by large seed companies, most of which are controlled by Monsanto and the like. ” Sarah

      And there lies my problem with buying and consuming hybrids. I don’t want to support a company that has malicious intensions and an evil agenda.

  14. I’d always heard that the lemon was a hybrid between a citron and a lime.
    According to Wikipedia, it’s a citron and a sour orange (which I’d never heard of).

    1. I’ve always wanted an old Citroen…

      I bet “sour oranges” have bred out of existence – except for some lesser-known corner of Spain…

      1. Seville oranges are readily available when they’re in season (usually February-April) – but really, you don’t want to eat them unless they’re marmalade. “Not palatable” doesn’t even begin to describe them.

        1. Hey, fear not! Sour oranges are alive and well in my native Arizona!

          I grew up in a neighborhood of Phoenix/Scottsdale called Arcadia, which was a colony of gigantic citrus orchards until about 1960 (when air conditioning made Phoenix somewhat livable…). When they started parceling out the orchards into subdivisions, developers built the homes around the “less palatable” varieties of fruit, leaving the good stuff for the farmers, but still giving new homeowners a picturesque yard full of colorful (but sour) orange trees.

          I can’t imagine that people are really jonesing for sour oranges – not great for a whole lot except (totally un-Primal) orange meringue pies… but if you are, definitely let me know and I’ll ship you out a whole crate of those guys the next time I’m home 🙂

        2. Seville oranges are hard to eat… I buy them around that time.

      2. Peggy,
        We had a ‘sour orange’ tree in our back yard about 10 years ago 🙂 (in Australia)
        We now have about 10 old Citroens instead :S
        No joke.

        Thanks for the article Mark 🙂

  15. Bok Choy, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Collards, Kale, Kohlrabi, Rutabaga, and Turnips are all the same species, so could that really be a hybrid?

  16. I do like that you point out what we DON’T need to worry about. Any nutrient, diet, plant or animal–someone always makes a claim that there’s something to worry about. As a nutrition student I have to/tend to think about food A LOT, and it’s tiring; the last thing I want to do is worry about food.

    I am still skeptical about the sugar content though (most fruit have significantly more sugar than 30 years ago due to selective breeding)…but I know there are bigger fish to fry.

    1. Yeah, I do worry about food a lot. If everything is so wonderful about all of these foods, then why has autism spiked 4000% yes four thousand percent in the past 10 years? And it does concern me that viruses are used to invade the cells of the plants. And look at the illnesses that have rampaged unlike any we’ve seen in most of our life times.Something is not right with this crap, sorry to disagree, but I am not blind, deaf or dumb.

  17. Mark,

    I wouldn’t be so quick to demonize David Wolf; he may have something there about the seeds. We truly don’t know. Let’s keep Paleo and Primal diets open minded and positive. That, to me, is of the utmost; we aren’t like the militant vegans/vegetarians. We keep open minds about our foods, and other’s opinions. If I’m wrong, please tell me so.

    Best,

    Matt

    1. 🙂 i don’t know about DW, but i sure agree about group attitude — macronutrient fanatics and food nazis are no fun! talk about raising stress levels….

  18. I get such a kick out of your writing. This one had lots of fun phrases that others have already gleened from the text. Thanks for brightening my day with your wit. You are vitally electric!

  19. I decided to let a few “volunteer” plants grow in my garden this year, and wow, did I get some confused vegetables that were bastard off-spring of previous crops. I had one plant that I swear was a hybrid of yellow crookneck squash and an english cucumber; very weird in appearance and taste.

  20. Mark,

    As you say, we definitely have more important things to worry about other than hybrid vegetables; however as a small scale farmer, I believe that many of the heirloom varieties are often more nutritious as they have not been selected to maxamize yield. With fewer “fruits”, the plant does a better job of concentrating its resources. Just something to think about if you are growing your own food.

    1. Wonderful insight! My family loves heirloom variety and we can’t wait to start our garden in the spring.

  21. Great question, Angela! And thanks for the insight, well-thought answer. It is actually something that never occurred to me, so I love having the question and answer appear to me all at once. I love hybrid produce, and love them even more now!

  22. Stupid question – If you want your food to be the very best go for GMO don’t bother with hybrids – those are just hit and miss . GE is created on purpose by some of the best designers in the world. You don’t dress in untreated sheep skins, do you?

  23. Not sure I’d go whole hog on genetic engineering, Harold, but I am curious about GMO. There are definitely some horrendous ideas out there (Round-up Ready being the poster child), but in theory, at least, GMO could be a good thing if used to increase natural pest resistance, salt and drought tolerance, vitamin content, etc. Like fire, it’s a tool and there’s no reason to reject it out of hand just because Monsanto is an arsonist.

    1. “Like fire, it [GMO] is a tool and there’s no reason to reject it out of hand just because Monsanto is an arsonist.”

      LOVE IT.

      I agree that Round-up Ready is probably a bad idea, but “natural pest resistance” could also be bad. If they get the plant to include compounds (toxins) to prevent pests from eating the plant, will those compounds be safe for human consumption?

  24. funny..I couldnt wait to read this . I had Broccolli Rabe last night, tonight, & tomorrow night lined up. Thank god you approved.LOL. I am the only one in my family that eats it, so when I get it, it for 3 nights in a row to stay fresh, & get my WF moneys worth. you can keep your pluots & grapples. how about some new ones..”Jercream”(jerky & heavy cream)or “Chegg” (a cheese omlette already to go) “porkonut” (pig crossed with a coconut)

    1. I know a cross-bred dog who has split personalities and anger management problems, you never know when he’s going to growl and jump at your face… I’m suspecting it’s because he’s not a full breed as nature intended? Wut coud go rong?

  25. Most people are unaware that grapefruit are also hybrids. They were first created as cross breeds between oranges and pomelos.

  26. Weird to see a blog on this. I saw it for the 1st time Monday and brought some home, just had it for dinner…delicious!

  27. I wasn’t even aware of the existence of broccolini, pluots, and apriums until today. Gotta try them out.

  28. Someone correct me if I’m wrong. A hybrid does not ‘breed true.’ That’s why if you save seeds from a true hybrid, if you get offspring, it is not the same as the original hybrid’s offspring.

    1. The first generation after a cross will probably have a great variety of properties, but the longer you breed a fertile hybrid the more predictable its genetics will become.

      1. Leave it to nature and stop tampering with it! We may be clever, but nature knows best and always has or else none of us or anything would’ve evolved in the first place!

    1. Isn’t that Daniel Vitalis? I’m pretty sure he and David Wolfe are not the same. Also, I take issue with Wolfe for reasons outside of food philosophy that I don’t feel inclined to elaborate because they’re rather tangential.

      As far as open-mindedness goes, I looked into raw foods on my journey to eating well and being healthier. The extreme fanaticism and anti-intellectualism of that faction drove me away. In addition, many of them eat so much sugar that it boggles my mind (e.g., dried fruit, honey, agave, and fruit). I’m open to different ideas, and not all raw foodists are the same, but my experience with that culture was enough to scare me away for good.

      1. Oops, LOL! wrong guf-ru. Must have been half asleep when I did that. Oh well, both generally bore me to tears.

      2. Maybe you just haven’t experienced the best! I’ve been a raw foodist for 9 years now and have made many adjustments in my diet; one being getting rid of agave nectar, which brings me to where I am today experiencing ultimate health on a raw food diet. And no, we don’t eat a lot of ‘sugar’ … honey, dates, and fruit don’t have the same devastating effects on the body as processed cane sugar does, and moderation is the key. I am also in no way a religious fanatic, so this way of eating is not to be mistaken for that. Actually, it is the basic way to eat, just take the examples of what wild animals eat (of course, in my case I’m talking about the vegetarian ones), they never cook their food but eat it RAW! It’s not a religion, it’s a way of life! 😉

  29. The really ironic thing is that broccoli itself is an inbred type of Brassica – ever see a plant with leaves that tight in nature? Nope. Intentionally inbred and cross bred to give us nice, tasty, tight little florets. Ditto for cauliflower by the way.

  30. I thoroughly enjoyed your subtle rebuke of David Wolfe. That man is preposterous.

  31. Thanks for your interesting articles and humor.
    Farmed salmon was especially interesting.
    We are fortunate since we live on an island with lots of fishermen who sell on the docks.

    Mark, can you give me your opinion of Hemp Hearts? It’s all the ‘rage’ now. I am using them because I don’t get hungry for hours.
    Four tablespoons on a salad or in eggs keeps you going all day! Thanks, Mary. S.S.I.

  32. Wolfe is not fruitarian, in fact he eats both ants and moths. That being said he does come up with seemingly far fetched ideas now and again.
    I think realising that basically all our foods (also the animals) are hybridized is important, not because this is necessarily bad in and of it self, but because it makes it possible for us to realize that there are different aspects of our produce that are different from their wild counterparts, because we have bred for them. Things such as higher starch/sugar content, larger size, lower fiber content, lower content of alkaloids (or medicines), as well as the fact that most of our produce comes from a very limited variety of plants, bred into different lines (or vegetables), but which have very similar nutritional characteristics, as they originate from the same plant.

  33. I am not totally disagreeing with what is written, because I don’t know. The only thing is I am confused about is the hybrid…as far as I know a hybrid will not reproduce true to its’ seed. The reason why seed companies label hybrid seeds with f1. Now if you bred two types of vegetables and created a new vegetable. For example: if you bred two different open pollinated tomatos to create a better bigger tomato, and that newly created tomato plant could reproduce true to its’ seed, it is not a hybrid but a newly created open pollinated tomato. This is how I understand the open pollinated plant and the hybrid.

  34. I think that the word hybrid,GMO etc. are just words that are used to throw the mind of the people off who don’t study for them self. Their are food from nature God’s green earth and their are foods made in the laboratories from the greedy lazy powers that be who because of greed are to lazy to properly replenish the soil every 3 to 7 years as required. Our natural crops lack so much nutrients that the bugs of the earth count it as waste of the earth and their colonies come forth
    to devour it all. bugs have not gotten worse, growing food with integrity is at it’s all time lowest is whats going on. They Lie to us to convince the world, that their is this die need to now make our veggies in labs with only part of the nutrition we need to survive as they watch the declining health of the country and rave about the stocks of the pharmaceutical drugs companies going up. Shame on you America for doing this to our veggies and our meats. People look around how many people are sick around you including your own families and yourself wake up…. reach, research the answers are there. please excuse any mistakes in spellings thanks

    1. I agree, Sandra, you said it best!

      Just yesterday I was with a friend at a non-organic farm watching him foolishly pick out ‘food’ and noticed the people shopping there looked so unhealthy, grumpy, over-weight, bent over, could barely walk, had growths on their skin, balding hair, bloodshot eyes and pale complexions… these people did not look as though they were consuming healthy food, but only concerned out of brainwash to support their community farmers who no doubt use Monsanto’s seeds!

      I would burn their fields if it was legal. 😉
      People need to get their priorities straight and demand ORGANIC, non-gmo, non-man-induced-hybrid FOOD!

  35. HYBRIDS ARE BAD FOR YOU THEY ARE MAN MADE , ONLY EAT GODS FOODS . THE FOODS THE AFRICAN PEOPLE EAT AT THE START OF CREATION , IN THE RAIN FOREST everybody go on dr sebi’s website

  36. Thanks so much for answering this question. I ate a pluot and loved it. Then I realized that I usually try to avoid genetically modified foods and was wondering if my delicious pluot was bad for me. Everything you wrote makes sense and I really appreciate that you took the time to answer the question!

  37. Your remark about balding has no merit. It has been linked to other issues but I question hybridizing without explicit genetic testing. I have tried the broccolini and it was awesome but doesn’t mean it is good for you. I will be very skeptical about the produce I eat.

  38. Now I know what it’s all about, I was so confused about the carrots I bought yesterday, I looked at them and I realized that my parents use to get the dark red carrots and they looked healthy, I was thinking whether orange once are good or not. But I now I know the difference between the hybrid and the natural, but still naturally grown plants are the best. I don’t like the hybrid tomatoes at all, sometimes they are yellow, light red, orange and green. I always get perplexed that why they are in so many colours.

  39. Some of these comments lead me to think that not everyone read the article. Hybrids and GMO are NOT the same. Hybrids can occur naturally with no human manipulation. But GMO’s are made by taking the DNA of one life form and putting it into a different life form. Most often, it is taking a pesticide and placing it within the DNA of a plant. The result is a plant with pesticide in every part of it. Then we eat it. The proponents of GMO are usually one of the following: they have blind faith in “science”, they are uninformed, they don’t care, or they have something to gain–mainly putting profits before people. The general public needs to wake up and embrace a much needed fear. It may be that we are condemning future generations to unknown ramifications.

  40. The bottom paragraph is a most important. We have an abundance of things to worry about and food should be the least of it. I think it’s disgusting that I have to spend three hours in a grocery store trying to find a food that hasn’t been altered in a way that gives an unbalanced regiment of nutrients into my body. Since my body is what keeps me going daily, to deal with the sleepless overworked days and excersize routines, it happens to be the biggest priority. Which makes what we put into it the biggest priority. So a large sarcastic thanks to all the empty minded supporters and soulless activists for the state of gmo and hybrid food that now I couldn’t find a natural fruit in my grocery store if my life depended on it. And very bluntly, it does depend on it.

  41. Its like playing Russian roulette to buy one days meals. Do I want to die by ms, cancer, or brain tumor? Oh!! I know! I choose death by slowly losing essential nutrients in place of excessive fructose and hidden aspartame labels.

  42. Great Post – This Hybrid issue has always been of great interest and concern to me also. From researching both Dr. Sebi and David Wolfe’s information, Dr. Sebi stresses the danger of consuming the poison within the hybrid plant such as cyanide. How ever, David Wolfe states that the hybrid can be counteracted with chlorophyll such as the green juice from kale etc.
    The news reported a couple of months ago that the rice is carrying traces of arsenic and I wonder just how many of us heard that report and just how many of us take this report seriously. I’m sure a whole lot more of this kind of reports will be rearing it’s head in the near future which validates how dangerous hybrid foods really are.
    I personally have removed most hybrids from my diet but also realize that 99% of our food is hybrid of which 50% are on the highest level of sugar and starch would be the worst of the worst and the lessor of evils such as those considered to be cross pollinated in nature I continue to consume.
    Your best line of defense however is simple, if you decide to consume poison than be proactive and detox it from your system once every 3 month that way the poison would build up enough to harm you in the future.
    Be Sensible, Be smart and Be Blessed!

  43. Hi Mark, longtime reader and first time poster here and easing myself into primal slowly but surely. Having just read the lectin post prior to this one, I am worried that I am not availing of all the goodness of the broccolini since I eat it raw. To be more precise, I blend it into a smoothie-like concoction with 1 banana and water added in. Should I be steaming it or heating it up somehow beforehand?

  44. there is all that we eat ,wear & drink making by the hybrid food,hybrid cotton and hybrid grapes and other wheets so i want to say that all are disease today in the world are only by hybrids because they reduce immune in body and create unnecessary problems.

  45. What is the real difference between hybrid, genetically improved and genetically modified. Any variation in the quality in nutrients.

  46. Please dont Just Read But React!

    Leave it to nature and stop tampering with it! We may be clever, but nature knows best and always has or else none of us or anything would’ve evolved in the first

    HI,

    Yes! Hybrid means they say combination but in reality they are trying to take nature and former and eventually we consumers into their control. These fruits vegetables, chicken,sheep,fish even honey,cow are all non-reproducible(barren), if our children eat only these non reproducible (barren) food daily then they also will become barren, then they also have to take injections like cow to be pregnant. If we dont stop these scientists now the whole creation is in danger. Eventually we will all be under ones control (in bible Anti Christ)becoz we cant stay without food for not more than 30 days or so, right.

  47. I’m 52 years old…. and I remembered my grandpa, used Seville oranges to get grapefruits, and I must have been about 7 or 8. So hybrid, has been around long,long before I was I was born. I was raised on cabbage, carrots, ugly oranges, yellow bananas, etc.

  48. So, when you say that GMOs are “untested”, are you suggesting that hybrids *have* been tested? I would like more information on that.

    If a new hybrid is created, does it need to go through a scientific assessment and approval by government, like GMOs do? Or do we just magically know they’re safe?

  49. Is it true broccoli is acidic and increases carbonic acid in our body then making it hard for our body to absorb nutrients. Please enlighten me on this wether it’s just some hoax. Tqvm.

  50. That’s a lie why would you tell people that all veggies are hybrid and it’s not, you did not prove your point at all.

  51. So in the end you basically say you don’t understand what’s going on here and crack a joke. Not my source of news, sounds misleading and misguiding. Read up a bit and then get back to your blog.

  52. So we come to the conclusion that hybrid fruits are good for health right?

  53. I was hoping to read a better answer than hopeful wishing. I’m not saying the answer is easy but there are concerns biologically eating hybrid plants that are not molecularity complete with our molecular structure.

  54. Any food hindered artificially by man is a concern and obviously leaves it far from it natural state and as nature intended. I don’t care how anyone words it to suit- I prefer that we leave nature to her own devices and mechanisms. No hybrids for me