Meet Mark

Let me introduce myself. My name is Mark Sisson. I’m 63 years young. I live and work in Malibu, California. In a past life I was a professional marathoner and triathlete. Now my life goal is to help 100 million people get healthy. I started this blog in 2006 to empower people to take full responsibility for their own health and enjoyment of life by investigating, discussing, and critically rethinking everything we’ve assumed to be true about health and wellness...

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A Primal Look at Gestational Diabetes

February 14 2017 - Every pregnant woman I've ever known has hated the oral glucose tolerance test. Yet, they still do it. Drinking a tall glass of sickly sweet orange-flavored glucose water on an empty stomach is thorou...

Lap Bands and Type 2 Diabetes

January 23 2008 - While caution is required in interpreting the longer-term benefits of surgery and weight loss, this study presents strong evidence to support the early consideration of surgically induced loss of weig...

Rethinking Diabetes and Cholesterol

September 28 2007 - Two new studies add an interesting dimension to our dietary debates! 1. Omega 3's Fight Diabetes Reinforcing the ongoing evidence that diabetes is an unnecessary epidemic borne of misguided diet...

The Best Way to Get Diabetes: Follow the Diabetes Dietary Guidelines

August 30 2007 - - I recently came across this outrage from the most authoritative diabetes organization in the country: (more…)

Keto and Type 2 Diabetes

February 07 2018 - If you think of Type 2 diabetes as carbohydrate intolerance, the natural dietary response should be to restrict the offending dietary component. And when this occurs—when diabetic patients restrict...

Keto and Type 2 Diabetes: Is It a Cure?

September 06 2018 - If you think of Type 2 diabetes as carbohydrate intolerance, the natural dietary response should be to restrict the offending dietary component. And when this occurs—when diabetic patients restrict...

Went Primal, Ditched the Diabetes Meds

August 26 2009 - I'm 56 years old and have been a type 2 diabetic since I was 32. When diagnosed, I went on the American Diabetic Association exchange diet, which is 50%+ carbohydrates. Believe it or not, the diet wor...

Diabetes Can Kiss My Butt

August 21 2009 - It?s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark?s Da...

Diabetes is Now a Disorder of the Small Intestine?

March 07 2008 - I'm not a doctor... and I don't play one on TV, but fer cryin' out loud, when will they learn? I just want to SCREAM sometimes. Seems bariatric surgery as a possible cure for type 2 diabetes was not e...

Did a Wrinkle in Human Evolution Predispose Us to Diabetes?

February 28 2011 - A new mice-with-an-engineered-human-genetic-deficiency study is out that promises to shed light on why humans are so darn diabetic and obese - and the cause is an evolutionary "mistake." A deficiency ...

A Primal Look at Gestational Diabetes

February 14 2017 - Every pregnant woman I've ever known has hated the oral glucose tolerance test. Yet, they still do it. Drinking a tall glass of sickly sweet orange-flavored glucose water on an empty stomach is thorou...

Rethinking Diabetes and Cholesterol

September 28 2007 - Two new studies add an interesting dimension to our dietary debates! 1. Omega 3's Fight Diabetes Reinforcing the ongoing evidence that diabetes is an unnecessary epidemic borne of misguided diet...

The Best Way to Get Diabetes: Follow the Diabetes Dietary Guidelines

August 30 2007 - - I recently came across this outrage from the most authoritative diabetes organization in the country: (more…)

Keto and Type 2 Diabetes

February 07 2018 - If you think of Type 2 diabetes as carbohydrate intolerance, the natural dietary response should be to restrict the offending dietary component. And when this occurs—when diabetic patients restrict...

Diabetes is Now a Disorder of the Small Intestine?

March 07 2008 - I'm not a doctor... and I don't play one on TV, but fer cryin' out loud, when will they learn? I just want to SCREAM sometimes. Seems bariatric surgery as a possible cure for type 2 diabetes was not e...

Did a Wrinkle in Human Evolution Predispose Us to Diabetes?

February 28 2011 - A new mice-with-an-engineered-human-genetic-deficiency study is out that promises to shed light on why humans are so darn diabetic and obese - and the cause is an evolutionary "mistake." A deficiency ...

What About Type 1 Diabetes?

October 25 2012 - You hear a lot about type 2 diabetes on this and other sites in the community. It's easy to see why: type 2 diabetes is the "lifestyle" diabetes, the preventable one, the one that "doesn't have to hap...

A Smackdown Cometh: Big Pharma Vs. Pumpkin Farmers

July 09 2007 - Forget insulin injections - the humble pumpkin may be a suitable treatment for both type 1 and type 2 diabetics in the near future. Researchers found that plain old pumpkin extract helped worn-out pa...

Dear Mark: Acid Load and Type 2 Diabetes, and the Safety of Homemade Baby Food

November 18 2013 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, we've got a question about dietary acid load and type 2 diabetes. A new study's just come out suggesting that the acid load of the diet does indeed have a significant...

Study Finds Low-Carb, High-Protein, High-Fat Diet Associated with Lowered Diabetes Risk

February 13 2008 - Chalk yet another one up for low-carb, high protein diets: A study in the current issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition finds that a vegetable-based, low-carbohydrate diet can reduce the...

Dear Mark: Metformin for Life Extension, Too Many MEDs, MED for Lifting Addict, and Horseback Riding

July 20 2015 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, I'm answering four questions. First, does the diabetes drug metformin have life-extending potential for non-diabetics? Then, the final three questions come from the c...

How to Exercise with An Autoimmune Condition

March 23 2017 - Autoimmune diseases really throw the body for a loop. You're attacking your own tissues. Your inflammation is sky high. What's usually good for you—like boosting the immune system—can make it wors...

This Is a Big Fat Blog Post

January 12 2007 - Apples, as you know, this is a pro-fat health site - pro-fat meaning we recommend eating beneficial fats, of course, not getting fat. There are a lot of issues to consider when it comes to fat - heart...

Is the Paleo Diet Supported by Scientific Research? – Part 2

July 07 2015 - Last week, I countered claims that "paleo gots no science" with summaries of five recent (and not so recent) papers supporting the paleo/Primal approach to diet. The reception to that post was strong...

Dear Mark: Exercise Rapid Fire, Hunting, Pull-ups, Type 1 Diabetes

January 22 2018 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, I'm answering four questions from readers. The first question is actually 5 questions, so it's closer to 8 questions overall. Good deal. First, I answer 5 questions a...

3 Ways to Regulate Insulin That Have Nothing to Do with Food

June 06 2017 - Today's guest post is served by a good friend of Mark's Daily Apple, Dr. Sarah Ballantyne, PhD, or as you might know her—The Paleo Mom.   Regulating blood sugar levels is a key feature of any he...

Dear Mark: Sprints and Blood Sugar, Resistant Starch as Carbs, PUFA in Coconut Oil, Cycling as Chronic Cardio, and Morning Sickness

February 10 2014 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, I cover four questions and my wife Carrie covers one. First, I discuss the effects of sprinting on blood sugar in the short term and long term. Next is whether or not...

Why Grip Strength Matters—and 10 Ways to Build It

December 12 2018 - The scientific literature is awash in correlations between a person's health status and various biomarkers, personal characteristics, and measurements. As we hoard more and more data and develop incre...

CrossFit Training: How to Support Overall Wellness and Longevity with Primal

August 17 2017 - There are some who hold the view that at birth, each of us is allotted a finite supply of energy which exercise depletes, thus hastening our demise. An intense regimen like CrossFit, in this paradigm...

The Best Kind of Health Insurance

July 29 2015 - I’m not interested in talking about Supreme Court decisions, the Affordable Health Care Act or for-profit versus non-profit business models. No, today I have something else in mind. It’s a perspec...

Sting-Free News

March 02 2007 - Worker Bees' Daily Bites 9 out of 10 taste-testers agree: Today's wrap contains 100% more flavor than the leading competitor. What a Headache The FDA swipes 15 migraine medications off the sh...

Make a Better Choice

December 29 2006 - As mentioned yesterday, the national health report card has just been released by the NIH. My fellow Americans, we did not make the honor roll. We are not number one. (Though there's a roll, all right...

Your Belly Bone’s Connected to Your Brain Bone

March 28 2008 - A study published online in this month’s Neurology suggests that people whose waistline expands once they hit age 40 are more likely to develop dementia in their 70s than their slimmer peers. For...

Dear Mark: Sugar in Blackstrap Molasses, Eating Cheat Foods All at Once or in Installments, and Healthy Pooping with a Fused Knee

October 26 2015 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, I'm answering three questions. The first one concerns blackstrap molasses, a type of sugar I've suggested people eat for its rich mineral content. Does the value of ...

Dear Mark: Palmitic Acid and Eating Speed

March 03 2014 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, I'm discussing the seemingly evil qualities of palmitic acid, the preferred storage form of body fat in humans and many other mammals. Studies seem to indicate that p...

What Would You Give Up to Be Thin?

January 29 2007 - I'm pretty shocked by what people are willing to trade to be thin. Limbs? Eyesight? Marriage? Lifespan? Children? I'm shocked, because avoiding obesity really doesn't have to be so dramatic. Yes...

5 Unconventional Ways to Extend Your Life

April 26 2017 - I've written about extending your life by slowing down the apparent passage of time. I've written about some interesting predictors—but not necessarily causes—of longevity, and the common characte...

The 7 Habits of Thin (Healthy) People

July 11 2007 - Bibliona Flickr Photo (CC) There are more diets than donuts, and the truth is that most of them will work in the short-term. But the reason few diets work long-term is because they are rarely sustain...

Reader Response: Being Fit is Good for Sex

February 28 2008 - Last week we heard from reader, primalman08, in response to the Top 10 Reasons to Stay Healthy post: I would like to encourage you to do more on the sexual benefits of living well. In my practice, ...

It’s Not Just About the Weight Loss

September 12 2013 - A whole lot of people come to the Primal Blueprint looking to lose weight. Some come with significant excess weight. Their before and after photos showcase amazing physical transformations that can ha...

What About Type 1 Diabetes?

October 25 2012 - You hear a lot about type 2 diabetes on this and other sites in the community. It's easy to see why: type 2 diabetes is the "lifestyle" diabetes, the preventable one, the one that "doesn't have to hap...

Monday Musings: Intergenerational Diabetes, New and Improved Pasteurization, Sitting is Still Bad, and Really Old Wine

January 17 2011 - Diabetes is that rare brand of nasty disease that fails to strike real, visceral fear. It doesn't carry the weight of a cancer or an AIDS or a heart disease. It's something you get, like a gut, a long...

Maybe There is Such a Thing as Too Much Information

March 29 2012 - A couple weeks back, the LA Times published a piece on a geneticist's experience with "personalized medicine." Based on careful and constant monitoring of his sequenced DNA and around 40,000 health ma...

Popular Blood Tests—the Facts, Ranges, and Alternatives You Should Know

May 03 2017 - I'm of two minds when it comes to blood testing. For myself, I'm not a huge fan of obsessive, frequent testing and optimization. I have a good idea about how to optimize my health through the actions ...

News on the Seedling Front

April 29 2008 - A report out this week offered some of the latest news on children’s health in the United States. Researchers from Duke University and the Foundation for Child Development studied trends in the heal...

The Beginning of the End?

July 08 2008 - Driving my daughter Devyn to the airport yesterday morning at 5:30 (she's off to a summer-school program in Florence) I was stunned by what I was hearing on my radio. Apparently, the American Academy ...

Dear Mark: Calorie Intake While Nursing, Tom Hanks and Type 2 Diabetes, and DHA Bad for Adults?

October 21 2013 - For today's edition of Dear Mark, we've got a three question roundup. First, I hear from a nursing, weight-lifting, child-chasing mother of four who's concerned about the amount of food she's craving ...

“What’s That?” Ear Health: Dietary and Lifestyle Choices that Preserve It

April 13 2017 - Sure, they’re not exactly the sexiest body part, but it’s fair to say that life with substandard ear health would be notably less enjoyable. And as it happens, millions of Americans would be able ...

Is the Paleo Diet Supported by Scientific Research? – Part 2

July 07 2015 - Last week, I countered claims that "paleo gots no science" with summaries of five recent (and not so recent) papers supporting the paleo/Primal approach to diet. The reception to that post was strong...

How Much Are You Willing to Pay for Your Health?

July 10 2014 - It’s a common refrain that living healthily costs an arm and a leg. The food bills, in particular, garner the biggest sighs and frustration: the price of pastured meats, eggs (and dairy for those wh...

Taco Salad with Edible Cheddar Bowls

November 11 2017 - Taco salad made from seared steak, avocado, tomato, shredded lettuce, and creamy chipotle dressing is delicious without any embellishment. But if you happen to have cheddar cheese in the refrigerator ...

Coconut Shrimp Cakes & Pineapple Salsa

February 07 2015 - This is a recipe from Primal Blueprint Publishing's popular cookbook Primal Cravings: Your Favorite Foods Made Paleo. The 125 recipes in Primal Cravings are all are low-sugar, grain-free, gluten-free...

Slow-Cooked Cabbage, Tomatoes and Meatballs

April 11 2009 - Last week we discussed the merits of canning your own foods. So you canned a bunch of tomatoes and now you need a good reason to use ‘em! Enter the following unstuffed cabbage recipe: Ingredients...

Moroccan Meatball and Egg Tagine

January 04 2014 - For breakfast or dinner, a meatball tagine hits the spot. Warmly spiced tomato sauce and meatballs are simmered together then topped with runny baked eggs that give the dish a creamy texture. Deeply f...

Turkey Meatballs with Broccoli-Carrot Mash

July 25 2009 - As an MDA Worker Bee always on the lookout for new Primal dishes I've developed a few tricks. My favorite method is by scanning different restaurant menus and then finding substitutes for highly-proce...

Ginger and Lemongrass Meatballs with Braised Scallions

July 20 2013 - Ginger and lemongrass meatballs are so moist and uber flavorful that they don’t need any sauce. This blend of lamb and pork boldly seasoned with ginger, lemongrass, garlic, basil and cilantro will k...

Hazelnut Crusted Chicken with Stealth Coconut

October 02 2010 - The Primal chef responsible for this delicious recipe is the winner of the Primal Iron Chef Contest. With over 120 amazing coconut recipe submissions the competition was fierce. Honestly, just about a...

Handy Primal Sandwich Alternatives (Or, Sub Subs)

April 22 2009 - Last week, I got this email from a reader: I work 12 hour ER shifts.  Our cafeteria is too expensive and the food is horrendous anyway (where do you think hospital food gets that reputation?)  My...

Went Primal, Ditched the Diabetes Meds

August 26 2009 - I'm 56 years old and have been a type 2 diabetic since I was 32. When diagnosed, I went on the American Diabetic Association exchange diet, which is 50%+ carbohydrates. Believe it or not, the diet wor...

Diabetes Can Kiss My Butt

August 21 2009 - It?s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark?s Da...

Type 1 Diabetes No Match for Primal Lifestyle!

October 26 2012 - It’s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’...

How I Ditched My Diabetes Medication and Found a New Life Plan

November 28 2014 - It’s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’...

Primal Blueprint Success Story: Former Marathoner Beating Diabetes

June 20 2009 - Thanks to active forum member and fellow Primal Blueprinter, DiabetesCanKissMyButt. Let it be an inspiration to anyone who is living a similar story. Follow DiabetesCanKissMyButt as she journals he...

Pictures Don’t Tell the Whole Story

August 27 2009 - Mark, I just got back from my endocrinology appointment when I saw the latest contest. I'm no picture of health yet but things are looking a heck of a lot better than they did before I started on P...

How Being Diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes Improved My Entire Life!

June 09 2017 - It’s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’...

At 87 Years Old, for the First Time in My Life I Feel Beautiful, Both Inside and Out

May 05 2017 - It’s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’...

My Transformation Was So Miraculous I Went on to Coach 200 Others

January 13 2017 - It’s Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark’...

I’m No Longer Anxious About Not Having Food Available

August 17 2018 - It's Friday, everyone! And that means another Primal Blueprint Real Life Story from a Mark's Daily Apple reader. If you have your own success story and would like to share it with me and the Mark's Da...

Lap Bands and Type 2 Diabetes

January 23 2008 - While caution is required in interpreting the longer-term benefits of surgery and weight loss, this study presents strong evidence to support the early consideration of surgically induced loss of weig...

Did a Wrinkle in Human Evolution Predispose Us to Diabetes?

February 28 2011 - A new mice-with-an-engineered-human-genetic-deficiency study is out that promises to shed light on why humans are so darn diabetic and obese - and the cause is an evolutionary "mistake." A deficiency ...

Study Finds Low-Carb, High-Protein, High-Fat Diet Associated with Lowered Diabetes Risk

February 13 2008 - Chalk yet another one up for low-carb, high protein diets: A study in the current issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition finds that a vegetable-based, low-carbohydrate diet can reduce the...

Does a High-Fat Diet Cause Type 2 Diabetes?

August 24 2011 - This is a special guest post from Denise Minger (thank you, Denise!). When fear-inducing news headlines hit the papers (and airwaves and iPads...) -  High-Fat Diet Linked to Breast Cancer, Eating Who...

The Definitive Guide to Insulin, Blood Sugar & Type 2 Diabetes (and you’ll understand it)

June 27 2007 - BITE ME, ADA We all know by now that type 2 diabetes is an epidemic. We’re seeing words like crisis and runaway all over the news and in the journals. Heart disease rates have been cut in half si...

Fasting versus Carb Restriction: Which Works Better for What Scenarios

June 13 2018 - Both fasting and carb-restriction appear to operate along similar physiological pathways. Both lower carbs. Both increase fat-adaptation. Both have the potential to get you into ketosis. Both lower in...

Is There Really an Obesity Paradox?

December 09 2015 - A couple weeks ago, I linked to an article discussing the "obesity paradox"—the idea that across many different studies and populations, people with slightly overweight and even obese BMIs often ...

Dial in Your Carb Count

September 14 2010 - Most folks who decide to give the Primal Blueprint 30-Day Challenge the old college try do so to correct an underlying health issue. Maybe their cardiologist’s recommended dietary plan hasn’t been...

Is the Paleo Diet Supported by Scientific Research?

July 01 2015 - People constantly demand proof for the efficacy of the Primal eating plan. And I'm glad they do. The Primal Blueprint makes sense on an intuitive level, and those success stories we see every Friday ...

Reader Response: Insulin Index

June 26 2008 - Reader Pete asked for some thoughts on the “Insulin Index,” a measurement chart similar to the glycemic index. While the glycemic index calculates the relative blood sugar rise induced by given fo...

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