Meet Mark

Let me introduce myself. My name is Mark Sisson. I’m 63 years young. I live and work in Malibu, California. In a past life I was a professional marathoner and triathlete. Now my life goal is to help 100 million people get healthy. I started this blog in 2006 to empower people to take full responsibility for their own health and enjoyment of life by investigating, discussing, and critically rethinking everything we’ve assumed to be true about health and wellness...

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February 10, 2013

Weekend Link Love – Edition 229

By Mark Sisson
37 Comments

Weekend Link LoveResearch of the Week

A new study (of old, “missing” data) found that reducing saturated fats (to below 10% of energy intake) from animal fats and increasing omega-6 linoleic acid from polyunsaturated margarines (to 15% of energy intake) increased the risk of death from all causes, including cardiovascular disease. Okay, but those are just clinical endpoints. Who cares about those? I want to know what happened to their cholesterol levels.

An “active lifestyle approach” (raking leaves, gardening, walking to the store) was just as beneficial as a “structured exercise approach” in reducing metabolic syndrome. Furthermore, those in the “active lifestyle” group were far more likely to get the recommended 30 minutes of “exercise” a day.

Interesting Blog Posts

Dr. Andro over at Suppversity explains why the deload week might need to graduate to deload weeks.

Media, Schmedia

The NY Times story of how a desperate mom used Primal-esque dietary changes (including gluten removal and omega-3 inclusion) to beat back a severe form of juvenile idiopathic arthritis in her kid that didn’t seem to respond to drugs.

And yet in the same breath, the NY Times blog discounts the utility of the gluten-free “fad.”

It seems humans have been making soup – or at least employing leakproof cooking vessels – for much longer than previously thought.

Everything Else

Upcoming PrimalCon presenter Tracy Barksdale’s got a new natural movement/parkour gym in the works called True Nature Training. If you’re near Austin, enjoy moving, or simply want to help a fellow warrior in the fight for Primal health, consider donating a few bucks to the campaign.

Last week, I sat down with Chris Martenson of Peak Prosperity to have a chat about my personal vision of fitness. Give it a listen.

Recipe Corner

Time Capsule

One year ago (Feb 10 – Feb 16)

Comment of the Week

I want to borrow a baby to wear.

– First, Joy said that. Then:

Making your own is pretty straightforward.

-From Ion Freeman. It’s pretty fun, too.

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37 Comments on "Weekend Link Love – Edition 229"

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Lennard
Lennard
3 years 7 months ago

the original work on the old data was actually only about cholesterol levels. They went down.
Now this new paper says mortality among the patients went up about over 50% (!) on the high omega-6 diet.
The original authors are either evil or missed the mortality bit…

Amy
Amy
3 years 7 months ago
Never discount the power of confirmation bias. 🙁 I think the study that finally ushered in the idea that smoking causes lung cancer was from a study attempting to prove that smoking causes heart attacks. If I remember correctly the original researcher when through many rat generations of frustration (he couldn’t get the rats to die of heart attacks before they died of lung cancer) before the light bulb clicked on. I actually teach my kids to skip the “hypothesis” part of the scientific method except for worrying about safety/moral issues. You have to be open to the results of… Read more »
SophieE
SophieE
3 years 7 months ago
You shouldn’t skip the hypothesis part (does increased saturated fat intake raise cholesterol?) but you should prepare to take a variety of other pre and post measures, these might be informed by the discussion/results sections of previous scientific articles or may be spontaneously decided upon when planning the experiment. Then, after you have finished the experiment and collected all data you should answer your hypothesis (e.g. yes, it raises cholesterol) but make other obversations, considerations and recommendations for future studies in your discussion section (e.g. Health professionals may be tempted to recommend a diet low in saturated fat upon finding… Read more »
Amy
Amy
3 years 7 months ago
There’s no escaping the need for a hypothesis when asking grant money. 😉 However, there is also no escaping confirmation bias for us humans. Look at your “simple” question – “Does increased saturated fat intake raise cholesterol?” There all sorts of assumptions built into that “simple” hypothesis. Will the researcher be okay (finanically, career wise) if the data actually suggests that fat intake lowers cholesterol? If the researcher assumes he’s right from the outset, wouldn’t any data that doesn’t confirm his hypothesis be “outliers” and subject to being thrown out? And why do we care if cholesterol is raised anyway?… Read more »
Harry Mossman
3 years 7 months ago

Re the active lifestyle approach: Yeah, Grok didn’t drive to a gym and find the closest parking space in order to work out.

bjjcaveman
3 years 7 months ago

I used to feel guilty about doing this… but then it started snowing and the wind started picking up.. and my mind quickly changed and thought:

“there is a time and place for working out… and being out here in this weather is not one of those times…”

trackback

[…] Research of the Week A new study (of old, “missing” data) found that reducing saturated fats (to below 10% of energy intake) from animal fats and increasing omega-6 linoleic acid from polyunsaturated margarines (to 15% of energy intake) increased the risk of death from all causes, including cardiovascular disease. Okay, but those are ju… Mark’s Daily Apple […]

bjjcaveman
3 years 7 months ago

I support any one who says I need to take 12 days off in order to fully recover…. whenever I did this before I just thought I was being lazy… now I can say that I’m “de-training.”

Jack
Jack
3 years 7 months ago

The most common phrase in archeology today seems to be “for much longer than previously thought.”

Karen P.
3 years 7 months ago

For several years, the NYTimes has had some fascinating articles that support ancestral health theory. They’re a big supporter of Taubes, for example. But there is no editorial consistency in their message, and I guess, perhaps there shouldn’t be. After all, they shouldn’t be pushing an agenda, they should be reporting, and they do. They have to fill a lot of space, so of course it gets contradictory. Gretchen Reynolds is publishing a bunch of great stuff there, but Tara Parker-Pope, who I believe oversees the health/exercise/nutrition stuff, is lost in a sea of CW.

Alyssa
3 years 7 months ago
Gah how can people be so up-in-arms about a gluten-free diet after reading stories like Shepherd’s?? They can’t honestly believe that removing one single little food item from one’s diet could cause enough harm to warn people from trying it, can they? To me, the only reasonable message to send would be to just TRY IT. If you go gluten free for a month and don’t feel any different, then by all means, gorge yourself on gluten! But if you feel better, then how incredible is that?! Just by changing one tiny thing about your diet, you gain a HUGE… Read more »
Brad
Brad
3 years 7 months ago

I’ve experienced this too. I have a friend with some kind of bowel disease. She’s basically never had a solid BM since she was 12 or 13. I tell her to stop eating wheat for 30 or 60 days, but you’d think I was asking her to move to Mars for treatment.

Stella B
Stella B
3 years 7 months ago

She used a gluten free diet and, um, methotrexate to put her child in remission.

Karen P.
3 years 7 months ago

They took her son off the methotrexate.

b2curious
b2curious
3 years 7 months ago

As Karen P. said, they took their son off of methotrexate. The article also stated that he has had 5 flare ups in the last year, 2 following a course of antibiotics and the other 3 following ingestion of gluten. All 5 of the flare ups have gone away, without the methotrexate. All 5 flare ups went away by avoiding the gluten that appears to have triggered 3 of them. I don’t know about you, but I’m seeing a pattern here; one that is independant of the methotrexate.

Colleen
Colleen
3 years 7 months ago

Then, once they do believe, many state it is impossible to keep up the deprivation. It becomes so obvious once you try it and see results, but so many people are not open to change or new ideas . . .

Nocona
Nocona
3 years 7 months ago

I remember Mark saying that when he ruined his knee playing Ultimate a few years back, he didn’t lose any muscle mass as he took a long layoff. Sounds like his body loved the workout break.

Moshen
Moshen
3 years 7 months ago

The deloading study only looks at rats and muscle size, i.e., hypertrophy or body-building. Although I believe the same idea applies to strength and sports performance, this article doesn’t address that area.

Erin
Erin
3 years 7 months ago

“They also worried that people could end up eating less healthfully. A gluten-free muffin generally contains less fiber than a wheat-based one and still offers the same nutritional dangers — fat and sugar. Gluten-free foods are also less likely to be fortified with vitamins.”

Sooo…not only should you not be eating gluten, you should also not be eating sugary processed replacements for gluten-based foods? And if you maintain a gluten-free diet, you’ll have to make sure to get your vitamins (and fiber) from real food because you can’t rely on fortified grains?

Okay.

Brad
Brad
3 years 7 months ago

Yeah I thought that was funny too. What is the obsession with “fiber” from wheat and bread products? It’s bizarre.

Yosef - This American Bite
3 years 7 months ago

Thanks for the link love. My pickled beets are a hit all round, from kids snack, appetizer to endurance boosting treat. Pleasure to have discovered your site, added to my RSS reader!

Shebeeste
Shebeeste
3 years 7 months ago

From the soup article:

“The kidneys and liver are limited in how much protein they can process in a day — when more than that amount is consumed, ammonia or urea levels in the blood can increase, leading to headaches, fatigue and even death. So humans must get more than half their calories from fat and carbohydrates.”

I seem to remember Mark talkinb about this–yes, here it is:

http://www.marksdailyapple.com/protein-kidneys

Also here:

http://www.marksdailyapple.com/dietary-protein

I admit that this is all tl;dr (too long, didn’t read)…so can someone explain does NPR have it wrong? Are they just parroting CW?

b2curious
b2curious
3 years 7 months ago

I am guessing that they used CW to explain a statement by “archaeologist John Speth, an emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.” He was quoted pretty heavily in the article. The statement above the one you quoted is this Speth saying “that Neanderthals [snip] would have needed boiling technology to render fat from animal bones to supplement their diet of lean meat, so that they could have avoided death by protein poisoning.”

s. l.
s. l.
3 years 7 months ago
I’m thrilled to see this article in the NYT. I developed RA over a year ago. The pain and swelling were terrible, and my doctor wanted to start me on methotrexate – I asked her for 8 weeks to try a dietary trial. I went strict Paleo and my symptoms went away. I don’t know if it works for all RA sufferers – but I know it works for me. If I eat any wheat at all, the symptoms come back – but according to blood tests, I do not have celiac. These stories, while anecdotal, deserve much wider dissemination.… Read more »
Merridy
Merridy
3 years 7 months ago
Re the gluten-free ‘fad’. There are other issues in here e.g. the amount of processed food which might affect how someone does on a gluten-free diet. I don’t think the article accounts for these or separates the different issues. It beats me why so many people going gluten-free buy all the gluten-free processed rubbish (cakes, breads, sweet, pancakes…). Why look for substitute junk food? I find it far easier to eat gluten-free real foods like vegies, meat, eggs, fruit. Had a look at some gluten-free bread a friend of mine had bought the other day and the list of additives… Read more »
Colleen
Colleen
3 years 7 months ago

This is my brother and his family. Gluten Free (we thought they were nuts at first). My 2yo niece eats a diet consisting of mainly gluten free bread with canola oil spread. They are only open minded when they want to be, and so far not that interested in “real food.”

Animanarchy
Animanarchy
3 years 7 months ago

It’s like being really proud of giving up sugar and replacing it with aspartame.

Animanarchy
Animanarchy
3 years 7 months ago

I just found out today aspartame used to be on the Pentagon’s list of chemical warfare agents.
mmm.. chewing gum!
So was chlorine if anybody’s forgotten about that.

George
George
3 years 7 months ago

An “active lifestyle approach” versus a “structured exercise approach” … it doesn’t have to be an either or, a balanced approach is ideal IMHO. I do understand the point is that you don’t have to be a gym rat to obtain optimal health.

Bill C
Bill C
3 years 7 months ago

From the “missing” data article:
“The current best estimate is that half of all the clinical trials that are conducted and completed are never published. Even when they are, the underlying data that the results are based on is rarely open to external analysis – which is a cornerstone of proper scientific scrutiny. This means doctors cannot be certain that the drugs they are prescribing daily are properly evaluated for safety and efficacy.”
Don’t know who else is participating, but thank you, BMJ, for your new “open data” campaign. Also, the AllTrials campaign.

Amy
3 years 7 months ago
Studies like the active lifestyle vs. the gym make me so happy. I do think that the guidelines (only 30 min a day?) are exceedingly low, but the message is on point. As the suburbs continue to die, more and more people are rediscovering and reinventing urban areas, where you can walk to the store, walk up the stairs to your apartment, and walk to public transportation. Pedestrian and bike-friendly towns and cities, surrounded by small to medium organic farms and co-ops, is – I believe – the only thing that will save this country from economic ruin and a… Read more »
ADK
ADK
3 years 7 months ago
“Before I learned martial arts, a punch was just a punch and a kick was just a kick. When I studied martial arts, a punch was no longer just a punch and a kick was no longer just a kick. Now I understand martial arts, and a punch is just a punch and a kick is just a kick.” -Bruce Lee Ancestral version: “Before I learned about nutrition and exercise , a meal was just a meal and a walk was just a walk. When I studied nutrition and exercise , a meal was no longer just a meal and… Read more »
Primal Wanderer
Primal Wanderer
3 years 7 months ago

Comment of the week folks! right here ^^^

Garrett
Garrett
3 years 7 months ago
In the “humans have been making soup for a long time” article, did anyone else notice this little factoid in there? “A 2011 study from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found evidence of cooked starch grains embedded in 46,000-year-old fossil Neanderthal teeth from Iraq.” Do you think pre-agricultural hunter-gatherer Neandarthals and/or humans may have included more ‘cooked starch grains’ in their diets than we realized? I can hear it now, anti-Paleo/Primal folks saying, “See?! Grains are Paleo too!” But consider this: Perhaps Paleolithic Neanderthals/humans did indeed consume some grains. Maybe they only fueled themselves on grains seasonally… Read more »
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[…] Weekend Link Love […]

TokyoJay
3 years 7 months ago

The natural movement/parkour gym sounds very, very fun. I’d like to see more of that kind of thing pop up worldwide. You can interact with your environment and practice natural movement at any time, really, but think of how awesome it would be during cold winters like this one and how much kids would go ape over playing in it.

Animanarchy
Animanarchy
3 years 7 months ago

Just reminded me of swingset chin-ups. I did some of those today, holding the chains, and doing a fetal sort of crunch at the same time, then dips after using the railings on the deck of a slide.
Good thing about the winter, not as many people go to parks, so it’s like having a personal outdoor gym.

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