Marks Daily Apple
Serving up health and fitness insights (daily, of course) with a side of irreverence.
30 Dec

Weekend Link Love – Edition 223

weekend link loveFirst off, I’d like to let you all know that anyone who pre-orders The Primal Connection before the giveaways are announced next week will still receive the bonuses (or “boni,” as Mr. Burns would say) associated with the offer. So if you’re eager to get ordering, don’t think you’ll miss out.

One more quick announcement: Tomorrow’s the last day to get two free books (The Primal Blueprint 90-Day Journal and The Primal Blueprint 21-Day Total Body Transformation) when you order Primal Fuel at the new, lower cost, so if you’ve been wanting to try Primal Fuel there’s no better time than now.

Research of the Week

In a new study, rodents on a gluten-free diet gained less fat and overall bodyweight than rodents on an otherwise identical diet that contained gluten, despite eating the same amount of food and excreting no additional lipids.

Another interesting rodent study found that rats eating yogurt artificially sweetened with either saccharin or aspartame gained more weight than rats eating yogurt sweetened with regular sugar, despite eating the same number of calories.

Interesting Blog Posts

Are you an antsy desk jockey who’s still dissatisfied with the standing desk? Chris Kresser explains how you can walk 10,000 steps a day while working at the computer.

Paul and Shou-Ching explore the possible dietary causes of violence in humans.

Media, Schmedia

Why you should probably stop eating wheat.

Everything Else

Sometimes (all the time), you just need to do the thing that you’re talking/reading/arguing/looking up arcane studies about.

Tim Ferriss and Leo Babauta each take a very different approach to goals and goal-setting.

Recipe Corner

  • When the kids are clamoring for chicken nuggets, these are a good alternative to breaded and deep fried pink poultry slushies.
  • A nutrient-dense, breadcrumb-free meatloaf just like your grandma made for you, if Sally Fallon was your grandma.

Time Capsule

One year ago (Dec 30 – Jan 5)

Comment of the Week

I know I always have caveman on the brain…

My new bumper sticker: “Paleocephalus – Catch It!”

- I’m sure they’ll whip up a vaccine for that one real quick.

You want comments? We got comments:

Imagine you’re George Clooney. Take a moment to admire your grooming and wit. Okay, now imagine someone walks up to you and asks, “What’s your name?” You say, “I’m George Clooney.” Or maybe you say, “I’m the Clooninator!” You don’t say “I’m George of George Clooney Sells Movies Blog” and you certainly don’t say, “I’m Clooney Weight Loss Plan”. So while spam is technically meat, it ain’t anywhere near Primal. Please nickname yourself something your friends would call you.

  1. I like the article about wheat. It can be hard to explain gluten issues to people, because they tend to have a hard time getting over the fact that “gluten-free” is just in vogue and trendy.

    How do you guys help people get past the trend factor when talking about gluten?

    Christa Crawford wrote on December 30th, 2012
  2. Second on appreciation of the article explaining about why wheat is bad… it was well said, and I’ll use that in trying to communicate to others. Great links!

    Primal Pisces wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • The article was good, but the ignorance and hostility in the comments section was disheartening. It was painfully obvious that most of the commenters were bashing the article after only reading the headline.

      Trav wrote on December 31st, 2012
  3. It is interesting that the rats who were fed gluten gained more fat and bodyweight than those on gluten free diets. I’ve known for a while now that gluten is one of the biggest culprits in causing chronic health issues such as fibromyalgia, thyroid issues, chronic fatigue, irritable bowel, itchy skin, and belly fat. However, in my most recent research I’ve read that wheat is to food what nicotine is to cigarettes – wheat actually stimulates your appetite!

    Shamra Byrne wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • Interesting – are there any links you can share?

      AlyieCat wrote on December 30th, 2012
      • The resource is actually a book by Dr. Stephen Wangen called Healthier Without Wheat. He has a premise that the inflammation caused by gluten can do 2 things: release cortisol (which can cause weight gain in and of itself) or change the working of leptin (a hormone involved in the signaling of hunger and appetite). More research is needed to prove his theory, but it is interesting nonetheless!

        Shamra Byrne wrote on December 30th, 2012
  4. Hey, I just pre-ordered The Primal Connection. Is there an email I am supposed to send a copy of my receipt to so I can qualify for the bonus?

    Chelsea MW wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • Check back on Jan. 8th for all the details. Thanks, Chelsea MW!

      Mark Sisson wrote on December 30th, 2012
      • Mine will be delivered to my Kindle automatically on 1/8!!

        Heather wrote on January 4th, 2013
  5. The rats in the nonnutritive sweetener study got ” in addition to chow and water ad libitum.” Wonder if any of them made yogurt parfaits… or if any of the ones with the NNS yogurt got diarrhea (a common side effect of NNS)

    AlyieCat wrote on December 30th, 2012
  6. Thanks for the link to the “Goals” discussion by Tim Ferriss and Leo Babauta.

    For goals, I think Brian Tracy has put it best.

    According to Tracy, once you’ve set your goals, you know when you are…

    acting stupidly: doing things that don’t take you towards your goals, and

    acting intelligently: doing things that take you towards your goals.

    William wrote on December 30th, 2012
  7. Mark:

    I just reread your What Is Inflammation? post.

    It leaves me with these questions: When inflammation is caused by poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, and/or poor gut health …

    1) How, physiologically, does inflammation occur (what is the process that happens in our bodies)?

    2) Where is the inflammation, and in what form does it exist (what does it look like and where is it in our bodies).

    I’d love to understand these specifics. Hopefully you’ll write a Part II post.

    Thanks for all you write. All the best for 2013.

    Susan

    Susan Alexander wrote on December 30th, 2012
  8. I firmly believe there is a link between diet and violence, and diet and mental illness.
    Sugar causes depression, excito-toxins like asperatane a d MSG affect the brain, Wheat-Belly cites the gliadin in wheat.
    The overall affect is obesety, but it also affects our brains.

    Jack wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • Please do not spread misinformation. Aspartame and MSG are not excitotoxins and do not affect the brain.

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17828671

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16999713

      Max wrote on December 30th, 2012
      • Apparently you have already had too much Aspartame and MSG in your diet and it has affected your logical thinking. As well, who is spreading the misinformation?? A check in the mirror may be in order. The Aspartame study you quote was spear-headed by a Consultant group that prides itself in having a high number of GRAS substances approved. There is absolutely no bias/conflict of interest within their walls…yeah right! Any sane, logical person can deduce that the two items you mention can and will have significant negative side effects on a healthy brain and body.

        Furthermore, if you know anything about ‘studies’ and ‘research’ you will know that from the very onset, all studies are interjected with bias. I suggest you read and study the work of Dr. John Ioannidis. There is a great article in the atlantic.com called ‘Lies, Damned Lies, and Medical Science’ about Dr. Ionnidis and his lifelong quest of truth.

        As for your referenced research…from the Burdock website; “Burdock Group Consultants is a full service Food Safety and Regulatory Compliance Consulting Firm offering customized solutions for your FDA compliance needs. Our experienced staff of proven Toxicologists (PhD’s) provide unparalleled expertise in food, beverage, and dietary supplements. With over 20 years of documented experience and frequent publication on current scientific and regulatory issues, Burdock Group has been recognized world wide as the industry leader. Burdock Group has submitted more successful Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) notifications than any other company or individual and has the highest success rate of any submittor.”

        turks08 wrote on December 31st, 2012
    • I have a hard time believing that diet alone is causing violence (or the main cause).

      There are so many things that play into it besides diet; Media advertising making people feeling inadequate, government mistrust, corporate predation, fear state…. basically the feeling of helplessness on an unconscious/ barely conscious level, food may be a part of it but its just that a part. People need to feel like they have some struggle and some some control over their lives but not the stresses that we are having to deal with today in our world.

      kiran wrote on December 30th, 2012
      • I don’t know, niacin deficiency can lead to a misdiagnosis of schizophrenia based on symptoms. I know that when I stick closer to Primal/paleo I experience significantly less depression, something I’ve been dealing with my entire adult life (35 yo.) It seems logical that nutrition has mental health implications. The link between glucose tolerance and depression has been thoroughly researched and documented.

        Trav wrote on December 31st, 2012
        • There are a couple of books that can explain a pretty close association to diet and violence and mental instability. (Not to mention that low cholesterol levels are also associated with homocides, suicides, and accidents): “Addiction: The Hidden Epidemic” by Pam Killeen AND “The Mood Cure: The 4-Step Program to Take Charge of Your Emotions–Today” by Julia Ross

          Heather wrote on January 4th, 2013
  9. Can’t believe that no one is bogging down in the latest drama, which is the Jimmy Moore/David Duke saga!

    Robert wrote on December 30th, 2012
  10. Thanks for these great articles! It’s good to be reminded about why gluten is not good for you because I feel like after a while I just forget and give into the bread/wheat products once in a while. The reminders help keep my health in check.

    Rachael wrote on December 30th, 2012
  11. About the Tim Ferriss and Leo Babauta video – (Warning:extremely shallow thoughts ahead) Leo Babauta is a vegan and a “runner” (according to Zen Habits). Note in the video the slight stomach paunch and the lack of definition. He looks very much like a runner/sort of vegan I know that is a reasonable weight but can’t shake that muffin top. It’s harder for me to tell with Tim, but I’m guessing his diet is healthier. He looks like he’s got more muscle tone. Tim also seems to genuinely smile more(as in with his entire head rather than just his mouth).

    Amy wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • PS – I put “runner” in quotes because I really dislike that label. Children run. I run when I work out or when I’m late or (not) chasing ice cream trucks. Every human is a “runner” other than those who physically are incapable of it. I don’t introduce myself as “daily walker” or “weighlifter” – bleck.

      Leo Babauta’s diet as of Jan 2011:

      http://zenhabits.net/diet/

      And I’m going to argue with him here because he doesn’t allow comments. The simplest diet on the planet is whole fresh food, including those from animal sources. And yes, I eat animals because they taste good. ;)

      Amy wrote on December 30th, 2012
      • I like to exploit animals first and then kill them strictly for pleasure…

        Paleo Bon Rurgundy wrote on December 30th, 2012
        • @Paleo Bon Rugundy
          “I like to exploit animals first and then kill them strictly for pleasure..”

          I prefer to buy my animals and vegetables pre exploited, as a modern day professional I just don’t have the time myself… but I eat them for pleasure you just can’t outsource that.

          kiran wrote on December 30th, 2012
  12. The article on violence is a textbook illustration of the difference between correlation and causation. Not one interventional study (human or otherwise) was cited, and these data are likely nothing but pure coincidence. Claiming that Paxil/omega-6s may be responsible for violence using this evidence is as convincing as claiming Lipitor is causing a decrease in personal computer size. Worse yet, is the claim that primal eating could prevent such travesties from occurring. Such a mindset is arrogant, and disservices the victims by trivializing the etiology of mental illness and violent behavior.

    Max wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • No one named Bobert has ever been attacked by zombies. Therefore, everyone should name their children Bobert.

      Bobert wrote on December 30th, 2012
  13. The Chicken recipe works great with catfish also. That’s what we just fixed for dinner tonight. Really good.

    Jeff wrote on December 30th, 2012
  14. Just pre-ordered the book. Looking forward to it.

    Adam wrote on December 30th, 2012
  15. From the article on Wheat:

    “As cardiologist Dr. William Davis noted in his book, Wheat Belly: Lose the Wheat, Lose the Weight and Find Your Path Back to Health, today’s hybridized wheat contains sodium azide, a known toxin. It also goes through a gamma irradiation process during manufacturing.”

    Dr. Davis doesn’t say that today’s wheat “contains” sodium azide. He says it was used to alter the characteristics of the plant. The sentence on gamma irradiation is a bit misleading in the same regard.

    Though otherwise a very good introductory article on the issue.

    bill wrote on December 30th, 2012
  16. Paleo chicken nuggets. Why haven’t I though of that?

    Rachel M wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • Because you’re just a woman with a small brain. With a brain a third the size of us. It’s science.

      Haha, just kidding. Your site is fantastic! I too have a love affair with macarons.

      Paleo Bon Rurgundy wrote on December 30th, 2012
  17. I pre-ordered The Primal Connection in kindle format but what I would also really like is Healthy Sauces, Dressings and Toppings in Kindle eBook is this just not available or what? Im in Australia & gave the hard copy to my Mum for Xmas…

    Nathan wrote on December 30th, 2012
    • I pre-ordered it in Kindle form as well and I was wondering the same thing…

      SusynK wrote on December 31st, 2012
  18. I just pre-ordered the hardcopy on Amazon :) Looking forward to the boni!

    salad maggie wrote on December 31st, 2012
  19. I read the article on why we shouldn’t eat wheat and thought it was great. Then I read through a bunch of the comments and couldn’t do much but shake my head in pity for some of the people who posted. I sincerely feel bad that they don’t understand (and don’t really WANT to understand) why wheat is so detrimental. A few of the comments were downright hostile, actually. I have found that’s pretty typical though, nobody likes to be told that the way they eat and live their life might be “wrong.” It saddens me that so many people are so closed-minded to the grain-free philosophy.

    Beth wrote on December 31st, 2012
  20. As a statistician, I find the Paul and Shou-Ching Jaminet article (a) methodologically poor, and worse (b) irresponsible, if not dangerous. Methodologically, the use bivariate analysis–you cannot find a correlation between two variables and make any sort of valid conclusion about causation. My favorite example involves the positive correlation banana production and highway deaths in the US–clearly, this bivariate correlation means that there are more banana peels on the high way, doesn’t it? Of course not. The correlation is entirely spurious. When you study variables that change over time, you will almost always find some statistical relationship.

    Given this methodologically poor, even lazy, analysis, they draw an unsupported claim that Adam Lanza’s vegan diet caused this event. Not even in the academic community, but the paleo community itself, we know better than this: Look at the positive correlation between heart disease and saturated fat in countries. We know that saturated fat doesn’t cause heart disease, and the only reason this study finds such a relationship is because the study cherry picks the countries included in the sample. The fact that one vegan committed such a crime cannot be taken as evidence of anything. Why not look also look at the color of his clothes? There are plenty of published studies indicating that color has an immense effect on a person’s mood.

    I am very disappointed, not only in the authors who wrote this article, but also that it was posted here.

    Ben wrote on December 31st, 2012
    • We should look at the drug Fanapt that Lanza was taking.

      Paleo Bon Rurgundy wrote on December 31st, 2012
    • I don’t think Adam being a vegan is the reason for what he did, but he may have been lacking in some nutrients that didn’t help his well-
      being I believe that nutrition or lack there of, can play a huge role in how people feel mentally. But I don’t think it is as clear cut as in order to feel good you need to eat paleo or vegan or vegetarian or gluten free. It has to do with getting the right balance of vitamins and minerals. No matter how you eat, if you don’t get the right balance, your going to be deficient in something and have issues.

      Dena wrote on January 1st, 2013
  21. Joe Rogan has good podcasts.

    Animanarchy wrote on January 2nd, 2013

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