Primal Connection Recommended Reading


Children’s Innate Language Learning Ability

  • SparkNotes Editors, “Language and Congnition,” SparkNotes Psychology Guide Series, (Barnes & Noble, 2007). (link)

Healing Dark Emotions

  • M. Greenspan, “Healing Through the World’s Hurt.” Ode Magazine, April 2003. (link)

Goldthorpe’s Replaceability Thesis

  • P. Emmenegger, Regulatory Social Policy: The Politics of Job Security Regulations (Switzerland: Hupt Berne, 2009). (link)

Science of Gene Expression

  • C. H. Song, M. Wyse, “Painless Gene Expression Profiling: SAGE (Serial Analysis of Gene Expression),” The Science Creative Quarterly, August 2004. (link)

Calories From Modern Processed Foods

  • L. Cordain, “The Paleo Diet and Multiple Sclerosis,” (presented at Colorado State University), October 3, 2007. (link)

Mindless Eating

  • S. Lang, “‘Mindless Autopilot’ Drives People to Dramatically Underestimate How Many Daily Food Decisions They Make,” Chronicle Online, Cornell University, December 22, 2006. (link)

Environmental and Cognitive Cues Define Our Sense of Fullness

  • J. Tierney, “Real Evidence for Diets That Are Just Imaginary,” The New York Times, December 13, 2010. (link)


I   The Inner Dialogue Connection


  •, “Intuition and The Creation of a Better World.” (link)
  •, “Intuition: The Best Kept Secret for Survival and Succes.” (link)
  •, “Intuition Quotes.” (link)
  • T. Condon, “All About Your Intuition,” (link)


  • D. Reeves, “How To Do What You Want: Akrasia and Self-Binding,” Beeminder Blog, January 24, 2011. (link)


  • K. McGonigal, The Willpower Muscle (New York: Avery, 2011). (link)

Subconscious Thoughts

  • M. Mahoney, “The Subconscious Mind of The Consumer (And How To Reach Them),” Harvard Business School, January 13, 2003. (link)


II   The Body Connection

Exercise Effect on Genes

  • G. Reynolds, “How Exercise Benefits the Brain,” New York Times, November 30, 2011. (link)

Is Sitting The New Smoking?

  • S. Eldred, “Is Sitting the New Smoking?,” Discovery News, March 1, 2012. (link)

Minimalist Show Sales Figures

  • I. Boudway, “Barefoot Footwear: FiveFingers,” Bloomberg Businessweek Magazine, August 11, 2011. (link)

Body Composition

  • M. Sisson, “Gender Diferences In Fat Metabolism,”, August 21, 2012. (link)
  • M. Sisson, “Detaching Yourself From the Outcome,”, March 22, 2012. (link)
  • M. Sisson, “Dear Mark: Healthy Weight,”, August 25, 2012. (link)

Evolutionary Fitness

  • A. DeVany, “Evolutionary Fitness,” December 11, 2000. (link)

Massage Benefits

  • K. Lewis, “Massage: It’s Real Medicine,” CNN, March 8, 2007. (link)

NBA Physical Contact

  • ” S. Cacciola, “Dallas’ Secret Weapon: High Fives,” Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2011. (link)

Benefits of Squatting to Defecate

  •  J. Isbit, “Health Benefits of the Natural Squatting Position,” Nature’s Platform. (link)

Cultures Revering Obesity

  • S. Duvall, “Top 10 Countries Celebrating Female Obesity,” (link)

Body Image Across Cultures

  • K. Wakefield, “Body Images Across Cultures,”

Stand-Up Meetings

  • R. Silverman, “No More Angling for the Best Seat; More Meetings Are Stand-Up Jobs,” Wall Street Journal, February 2, 2012. (link)

Viewing Angle on Computer Work Stations

  •  D. Ankrum, “Viewing Angle and Distance In Computer Workstations,” (link)

Back Surgery Data

  •  C. Pesmen, “Surgery to Avoid #5: Lower-Back Surgery,” Health Magazine, February 25, 2008. (link) 

Growth Hormone Elevation

  • N. Kock, “Growth Hormone May Rise 300 Percent With Exercise: Acute Increases Also Occur in Cortisol, Adrenaline, and Noradrenaline,” Health Correlator, May 30, 2010. (link) 

Growth Hormone Spikes During Sleep

  • N. Kock, “Growth Hormone: The Fountain of Youth,” Health Correlator, December 24, 2009. (link)


  • C. McDougall, “The Once and Future Way to Run,” New York Times, November 2, 2011. (link)
  • G. Kolata, “Orthotic Shoe Inserts May Raises a Welter of Doubts,” New York Times, January 17, 2011. (link)
  • B. Nigg, et al, “Effect of Shoe Inserts on Kinematics, Center of Pressure, and Leg Joint Moments During Running,” American College of Sports Medicine, February 2003. (link)
  • A. Mundermann, et al, “Consistent Immediate Effects of Foot Orthoses on Comfort and Lower Extremity Kinematics, Kinetics, and Muscle Activity,” Journal Of Applied Biomechanics. (link)
  • The Foot Complex (link)
  • M. Fitzgerald, “Run Unconscious,”, May 23, 2010. (link)
  • “Barefoot Running & Walking” (link)
  • Barefoot Resources (link)
  • W. Sellers, et al, “Evolutionary Robotic Approached in Primate Gait Analysis,” International Journal of Primatology, April 2010. (link)
  • D. Lieberman, et al, “Biomechanics of Foot Strikes & Applications to Running Barefoot or in Minimal Footwear,” Harvard. (link)
  • Barefoot Ted’s Adventures (link)
  • Barefoot Running (link)
  • J. Owings, “New Balance Minimus ‘Barefoot Shoe’ Line Slated for Spring 2011,”, August 2, 2010. (link)
  • M. Sandler, “New Study by Dr. Daniel Lieberman on Barefoot Running,” (link)
  • C. Chua, “10 Reasons You Should Start Running Barefoot,”, June 1, 2010. (link)
  • The Science of Barefoot Motion (link)
  • M. Fitzgerald, “But is it Faster?”, May 7, 2010. (link)
  • A. Krupicka, “Minimalist Footwear”, October 24, 2007. (link)
  • T. Ferriss, “The Barefoot Alternative: Vibram Five Fingers Shoes,” Huffington Post, May 25, 2009. (link)
  • F. Severs, “Feel the Movement of Your Feet,”, June 22, 2011. (link)
  • K. Hannaford, “Hack Bare Feet With Stickers For Advanced Sports Power,” Gizmodo, December 17, 2010. (link)
  • G. Reynolds, “Phys Ed: How Necessary Is Stretching?” New York Times, November 25, 2009. (link)
  • G. Reynolds, “Phys Ed: Is Running Barefoot Better for You?” New York Times, October 21, 2009. (link)


III   The Nature Connection

  • Nature and the Environment (link)
  • A. Hutchinson, “Why is Walking in the Woods So Good For You?” The Globe and Mail, May 27 2012. (link)
  • “Mount Everest ‘Killer Mountains,'”, October 29, 2003. (link)
  • A. Cramb, “Jogging in Forest Twice as Good as Trip to Gym for Mental Health,” The Telegraph, June 20, 2012. (link)
  • S. Green, “Why Outdoor Offices Are a Smart Idea,” Harvard Business Review. (link)
  • S. Green, “Bring Your Garden to Work,” Harvard Business Review, May 24, 2012. (link)
  • D. Mann, “Negative Ions Create Positive Vibes,” WebMD, May 6, 2002. (link)
  • G. Cramer, “Astronauts Experience the Dangers of Deionized Air.” (link)
  • ‘Top Houseplants for Improving Indoor Air Quality,” (link)
  • K. Mori, and C. Scearce, “Hygiene History in the Industrialized World,”, June 2011. (link)
  • K. Becker, “Autism, Asthma, Inflammation, and the Hygiene Hypothesis,” February 7, 2007. (link)
  • A. Zuger, “A Messy Exuberant Case Against Being Too Clean,” New York Times, September 10, 2012. (link)
  • D. Mann, “Negative Ions Create Positive Vibes,” WebMD, May 6, 2002. (link)
  • K. Kalning, “Filthy Fitness: ‘Mud Runs’ Soar in Popularity,” Today, November 16, 2011. (link)
  • M. Ellison, “Soft Fascination Allows The Mind To Wander in a Noisy Urban World,” June 10, 2011. (link)
  • S. Cimperman, “Forest Therapy,” Wisdom Magazine. (link)
  • C. Dell’Amore, “Ancient Dog Skull Shows Early Pet Domestication,” National Geographic, August 9, 2011. (link)
  • S. Bradley, “Biophilia Effect: Improving Your Designs With Nature,” May 10, 2010. (link)
  • A. Cissel, “It’s in the Dirt! Bacteria in Soil May Make Us Happier,” National Wildlife Federation, March 9, 2011. (link)
  • Getting Dirty Can Make You Happy (link)
  • Lung-gom-pa Runners of Tibet (link)
  • J. Leach, Dirtying Up Our Diets,” New York Times, June 20, 2012. (link)


IV   The Daily Rhythm Connection

  • D. Randall, “How the Lightbulb Transformed the Way We Sleep,” National Post, September 17, 2012. (link)
  • A.R. Ekirch, “Sleep We Have Lost,” Virginia Tech. (link)
  • G. Reynolds, “Moderation as the Sweet Spot for Exercise,” New York Times, June 6, 2012. (link)
  • TV Statistics (link)
  • Midlife Maverick, April 20, 2010. (link)
  • C. Gayomali, “Jaw-Dropper: 18 to 24 Year Olds Average 110 Text Messages per Day,'” Time, September 20, 2011. (link)
  • M. Trippetti, “Me and My Monkey,” March 12, 2012. (link)
  • H. Stout, “Getting Far, Far, Away From It All,” New York Times, December 2, 2011. (link)
  • T. Dokoupil, “Is the Web Driving Us Mad?” Newsweek, July 9, 2012. (link)
  • J. Scelfo, “The Risks of Parenting While Plugged In,” New York Times, June 9, 2010. (link)


  • M. Sahlins, “The Original Affluent Society,”
  • R. Harris, A Cognitive Psychology of Mass Communication (Mahwah, NJ: Lawerence Eribaum Associates, Inc, 1999). (link)
  • Internet Pornography Statistics (link)
  • Diaper Facts (link)
  • D. Blankenhorn, “Fatherless America: Confronting Our Most Urgent Social Problems,” (link)
  • Overweight and Obesity Statistics (link)
  • Divorce Rates (link)
  • T. Vanderbilt, “Self-Storage Nation,”, July 18, 2005. (link)
  • “The Fine Art of Letting Go,” Newsweek, May 21, 2006. (link)
  • “Head Injuries in Football,” New York Times, December 10, 2012. (link)
  • “Retirement Dream Disappear With 401(k)s,” CBS News, March 23, 2010. (link)
  • Child Obesity Research (link)
  • “Grow, Grow, Grow Your Boat,” Associated Press, August 7, 2005. (link)
  • Height and Weight Stats of Americans (link)
  • V. Iannelli, “What is the Average Weight for an Adult Woman?”, July 31, 2005. (link)
  • “SoYouWanna be a Model?” (link)
  • M. Ritchtel, “Growing Up Digital, Wired for Distraction,” New York Times, November 21, 2010. (link)
  • M. Ritchtel, “Attached to Technology and Paying a Price,” New York Times, June 6, 2010. (link)
  • M. Sisson, “Mired in Media,”, August 27, 2010, (link)
  • “Media Multitaskers Pay Mental Price,”, August 24, 2009. (link)
  • T. Tamkins, “Drop That Blackberry! Multitasking May Be Harmful,” CNN, August 25, 2009. (link)
  • D. Allen, “Be Creative Amid Chaos,” Wired, May 11, 2009. (link)
  • J. Saan, Attention Span in Children,” June 16, 2007. (link)

Vitamin D

  • M. Healy, “New Vitamin D Reccomendations: What They Mean,” LA Times, December 6, 2010. (link)
  • UV Index Resources (link)
  • Daily UV Index for USA (link)
  • “Researchers Increase Vitamin D RDA,” RTT News, November 30, 2010. (link)
  • “Low Blood Levels of Vitamin D Linked to Chubbier Kids, Faster Weight Gain,” Science Daily, November 8, 2010. (link)
  •  “Vitamin D Deficit Doubles Risk of Stroke in Whites, but Not in Blacks,” Science Daily, November 15, 2010. (link)
  • R. Knox, “Medical Panel: Don’t Go Overboard on VitaminD,” NPR, November 30, 2010. (link)
  • D. Soloman, “Dr. Sunshine,” New York Times, March 19, 2010. (link)
  • Vitamin D Benefits (link)
  • Vitamin D Facts (link)
  • Mail Order Vitamin D Test (link)
  • J. Raloff, “Vitamin D Boosts Calcium Potency,” Science News, November 15, 2005. (link)
  • Albedo Information (link)
  • “Understanding UVA and UVB,” (link)
  • UV Index Information (link)
  • “Disease Incidence Prevention by Serum 25(OH)D Level,”, December, 2009. (link)
  • Vitamin D Production Index (link)
  • Foods Highest in Vitamin D (link)
  • Ultraviolet Exposure Calculator (link)
  • Abstract of Various Vitamin D Studies (link)
  • Tanning Bed Overview (link)
  • Dr. Michael Holick Bio (link)
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma Info (link)
  • F. Sweet, “The Paleo-Etiology of Human Skin Tone,” Essays on the US Color Line, December 15, 2002. (link)
  • “When European Skin Became White, Evo And Proud, April 21, 2008. (link)
  • Vitamin D Overview (link)
  • J. Dreaper, “New Guidance on Vitamin D Recommends Midday Sunshine,” BBC News, December 16, 2010. (link)

Circadian Rhythm

  • F.lux Computer Sensor Program (link)
  • F.lux Sleep Research (link)
  • Circadian Phase Response Curve (link)
  • P. Wozniak, “Polyphasic Sleep: Facts and Myths,”, January 2005. (link)
  • P. Wozniak, “Good Sleep, Good Learning, Good Life,”, May 2012. (link)
  • How Can I Hack My Sleep? (link)
  • Sleep Phases and Optimal Amounts (link)
  • Understanding Sleep (link)


V   The Social Connection

  • M. Sahlins, F. Sanborn, “The Original Affluent Society,” (link)
  • R. Emmons, “10 Ways to Become More Grateful,”, November 17, 2010. (link)
  • A. Scholten, “Routines, Rituals, and Family Health,” (link)
  • P. Jones, “The Brainy Benefits of Bedtime Stories,” Child Magazine, May 2002. (link)
  • C. Allen, “The Dunbar Number as a Limit to Group Sizes,”, March 10, 2004. (link)
  • B. Schneier, ” Security, Group Size, and the Human Brain,”, July 1, 2009. (link)
  • R. Dunbar, “The Magic Number,” RSA Journal, Spring 2010. (link)
  • R. Dunbar, “Co-Evolution Of Neocortex Size, Group Size, and Language in Humans.” (link)
  • E. Yudkowsky, “Dunbar’s Function,”, December 31, 2008. (link)
  •  M. Sisson, “Relaxation Response,”, July 23, 2008. (link)
  • Elderly Use of Television Studies (link)
  • M. Sisson, “Are Humans Hard Wired For A Limited Social Circle?”, March 9, 2010. (link)
  • M. Scott-Scudder, “Retention: Necessary But No Longer Enough,, May 1, 2005. (link)
  • G. Kolata, “Scientist At Work/David Costill; A Career Spent in Study of Training and Evercise, Lap By Grueling Lap,” New York Times, October 30, 2001. (link)
  • L. Bosquet, et al, “Effects of Tapering on Performance,” ACSM, August 2007. (link)
  • O. Anderson, “Swimming techniques/Swimming Training,” Peak Performance. (link)
  • Cell Phone and Texting Accident Stats (link)
  • “May We Have Your Attention, Please?” Bloomberg Magazine, June 11, 2008. (link)


VI   The Play Connection

  • M. Csikszentmihalyi, “Flow,”, February 25, 2009. (link)
  • J. Veal, “Go Play Outside,” HealthScope Magazine. (link)
  • Play Time Health Benefits (link)
  • Ghetto Commentary (link)
  • “Play Was Important — Even 4,000 Years Ago,” Science Daily, February 8, 2011. (link)
  •  National Institute For Play (link)
  • Enriched Environments (link)
  • G. Marcus and G. Miller, “Did Humans Invent Music?” The Atlantic, April 16, 2012. (link)
  • “Music Training Enhances Brainstem Sensitivity to Speech Sounds. Neuroscientist Says,” Science Daily, February 22, 2010. (link)
  • D. Nancy, “Music On The Mind,” Psychology Today, December 28, 2011. (link)
  • M. Sisson, “Adult Sports Leagues  and Why You Should Join One,”, December 7, 2010. (link)