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Let me introduce myself. My name is Mark Sisson. I’m 63 years young. I live and work in Malibu, California. In a past life I was a professional marathoner and triathlete. Now my life goal is to help 100 million people get healthy. I started this blog in 2006 to empower people to take full responsibility for their own health and enjoyment of life by investigating, discussing, and critically rethinking everything we’ve assumed to be true about health and wellness...

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November 30, 2010

Dear Mark: Are Hybrid Fruits and Vegetables Healthy?

By Mark Sisson
113 Comments

Dear Mark,

I was wanting to know if there is any danger in eating hybrid foods. I recently tried broccolini and then discovered that it was a hybrid between broccoli and Chinese kale. Is this dangerous to eat? Is it similar to GM? I would greatly appreciate your input on this before I start eating more of it.

Thanks, Angelina

Thanks, Angelina, for the question. It’s a good one, because even when we don’t explicitly seek out the obvious hybrids (broccolini, pluots, apriums, etc.), we’re still exposed to them. In case you didn’t know, hybrid fruits and vegetables are created by cross-pollinating two closely related species of the same genus or two cultivars or varieties within the same species. Though we’re talking about the artificial, man-enabled variety in today’s question, this phenomenon happens quite frequently in nature. Random hybridization is essentially how new species of plants arise – stretched out over time. Artificial hybridization operates on the same principle as natural hybridization, only with authorial intent.

So, does eating a pluot, a tangelo, a plate of broccolini, some seedless watermelon, a golden kiwifruit, or salad of hybrid cherry tomatoes mean we’re consuming an unholy bastard child that our ancestors wouldn’t have recognized as food? Of course not. These are legitimate, interesting varietals that taste good and offer beneficial dietary nutrients, just like their parents.

Technically speaking, all fruits and vegetables are hybrids. You go back far enough and it’s just pollen and seeds and wind and bees – one big swirling floral orgy – and every single plant we know today has ties to that epoch of love. Modern hybridized fruits and vegetables like broccolini and grapples come about in much the same way (cross-pollination), but with a little guiding intervention. And remember that many if not most “normal” fruits and vegetables we eat today are modern creations – the familiar yellow banana, boysenberries (a hybrid of raspberries and blackberries), grapefruit, meyer lemons, and numerous apple varieties (but more on this tomorrow). We’ve been cross-pollinating plants for centuries.

But wait: how similar are hybrid foods to GMOs? I mean, both represent forms of human intervention into nature for the purpose of improving it, right? We’re generally suspicious and skeptical of GMOs, so why do hybrids get a pass?

GMOs involve the combining of DNA molecules from disparate sources into a single molecule to form a new set of genes. The organism that receives this new DNA molecule gets modified, or new, genes, including ones that improve a plant’s hardiness, imbue it with powerful endogenous pesticides and/or herbicides, or lengthen its shelf life. Others increase the vitamin content and some increase the uptake of minerals from the soil. Whatever your opinion on GMOs, hybrids aren’t the same.

At first glance, I understand the hesitation, the instinctual drawing back. Mankind may be damn good at creating complex tools, inventing machines, erecting global communication networks, and generally manhandling anything the world can throw at us, but we seem to trip up when we try to circumvent nature. More specifically, our attempts to improve upon nature in the dietary realm have been downright disastrous. Industrial solvent-extracted seed oils, Crisco, HFCS, wheat fortified with extra gluten, acres and acres of soil-depleting monoculture crops, and (potentially troublesome) untested, unproven GMOs – our track record inspires little confidence.

But hybridization isn’t some monolith to be universally condemned. You have every right to be wary of it, but be smart about it. Hybridized wheat bred to have triple the gluten? Avoid it – but not because it’s a hybrid. Avoid it because it’s wheat with triple the gluten. It’s the gluten that’ll get you, not the fact that a human interfered in its conception. There’s no toxic byproduct created out of thin air by the act of hybridization. But broccolini, demon spawn of the deadly broccoli and toxic Chinese kale? C’mon. If a person is going to posit that broccolini is dangerous, they need to give a better reason than “It’s a hybrid.” Hybridization happens in nature. In and of itself, it’s a perfectly legitimate process. You need to identify specifics. What are the toxic elements being introduced or concentrated? Where are the nutritional deficits? You need to point to the “gluten of broccolini,” if it even exists.

If you accept the nutritional legitimacy of broccoli and Chinese kale (and you should – they’re great), you shouldn’t fear their love child (it was an arranged marriage, sure, but it worked out in the end) broccolini on dietary grounds. Lightly steam it, stir-fry it with a bit of butter or coconut oil, or add it, chopped, to a soup right before serving, and you’re in business. It’s full of potassium, folate, iron, soluble fiber, and vitamin C. You might run into talk online of a rat gene being spliced into broccolini to increase its vitamin C production, but it’s unsubstantiated, and the folks who originally made the claim have retracted and corrected it.

The same goes for the others. For example, pluots are fine if you tolerate apricots and plums. Sure, there’s a bit more (or a lot more, as the case may be) sugar, but that’s plainly evident once you taste one. The fructose content is not a hidden danger. It’s considered a feature by the producers. Just don’t eat a bag of them in a sitting, just as you wouldn’t eat a sack of donut holes.

Use common sense and avoid utter nonsense, like this supposed drawback to hybrid fruits and vegetables that I kept coming across online: that they’re missing “vital electrics.” Vital electrics. Yes. Those. I’m not entirely certain what electrics are, but the fact that they unerringly appear coupled with “vital” makes me think I need them. So, yeah – hybrid foods apparently lead to vital electrics deficiency. If you’ve ever eaten a hybrid vegetable, be sure to get your electrics tested. It’s absolutely vital that you do. Fruitarian guru David Wolfe seems to be the source of this vital electrics business, and he’s also of the opinion that a hybrid fruit is to be avoided because “it is confused.”

Hybrids aren’t a big deal either way. They’re just another type of vegetable, only cross-bred to maximize desired traits, like durability, yield, size, and taste. Eat them, or don’t, but don’t fret. You’ve got bigger things to be concerned with – the vegetable oil your food is cooked in, the wheat and sugar that worm their way into seemingly everything, the quality of your meat and fat, the overabundance of stress and scarcity of sleep, the strength of your social ties, the intensity of your workouts – so don’t worry whether broccolini is out to get you.

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113 Comments on "Dear Mark: Are Hybrid Fruits and Vegetables Healthy?"

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Mlkrone
5 years 10 months ago

Gaahh! Broccolini is out to get me!! lol. Good post mark, not something I would have ever thought about so that was definitely a good question. Didn’t even know that those mini-tomatoes were ‘man made’ 🙂

Ana
Ana
1 year 9 months ago
I work at an agriculture store and as far as I know, every single vegetable grown for commercial purposes is a hybrid, even the organic ones. It simply makes no sense to use pure lines as they are always weaker, less productive or just less some feature. There is something in genetics called “vigor of hybrids” and its usually best seen in first generation hybrids: F1. You get 2 different really pure lines and you cross them, and even if you didn’t do it for any particular purpose, you’ll always get better vigor (they grow stronger, healthier and with better… Read more »
Jenney
Jenney
1 month 19 days ago

The father away from the mother the less electrical components it possesses and becomes useless.

Paleohund
5 years 10 months ago

Hybrid cars are alright too, right? 😉

Stephen
Stephen
4 years 9 months ago

I believe they contain Vital Electrics, so yeah. 😛

Peggy
Peggy
5 years 10 months ago

I guess I should be avoided – sometimes I am confused.
Electrics are vital to my computer(s) but they don’t enjoy fruit very much.

Jake
Jake
5 years 10 months ago

All plants contain toxins (natural pesticides) to ward off being eaten by animals or insects. The public is demanding less pesticides. Seed producers have responded by modifying the plants to contain more toxins so less pesticides can be used. The most infamous example is now wheat contains much more lectins than it used to.

So how do we tell if the modification was made to make the plant more nutritious or to kill insects (and us?)

Kserge5534
Kserge5534
5 years 10 months ago
Cairenn
Cairenn
9 months 17 days ago

That cow is natural mutation, it is called Belgian Blue and NATURE created it, not man. We did keep the mutation going

Steve
5 years 10 months ago

Hybrid foods? I really missed something here, I’ve never heard of them or seen them before. Broccolini sounds interesting, gonna keep my eyes peeled.

Chris
Chris
5 years 10 months ago

they’re awesome. they run on gas on the highway, but on vital electrics in the city :p

Mary Anne
Mary Anne
5 years 9 months ago

Chris, you’re killin’ me!!!! But don’t confuse Steve. I remember my Dad planted F1Cross about 45 years ago, a hybridized corn. Mendel’s work with peas was about hybridization as much as about genetics. So, yes, hybrids have been around for a long, long time. And the genetic traits are similar and move in ‘clumps’. GMO, on the other hand, can take a completely different gene (like splicing an animal gene into a plant gene or chromosome)and create some pretty odd stuff.

Chris
Chris
5 years 10 months ago
I know what you mean when you say that all plants are the result of random hybridization, but it’s incorrect to say that’s how all new plant species arise. New species are formed by the process of speciation, and hybridization is a subset of that. For example, if you plant the same plant on two different islands with different environments, and after many generations they become two different species, that is called allopatric speciation. Sure, they’re hybrids of previous generations’ pollen, but it would not be accurate to have said the new species were a result of hybridization.
Jason Sandeman
5 years 10 months ago
In truth, a LOT of foods we take for granted are hybrids, and modified versions of their early cousins. Take an orange for example… The original was ugly, not uniform, and certainly was not a perfect round globe… They have been modified to what is universally recognised as an orange now. (Except at XMas, where mandarines and clemintines seem to be okay.) As consumers, we are obsessed with price, quality, and uniformity for our food. Tomatoes all look the same because they were picked while green, gassed until they are various grades. (Green, Pink, Orange, Red respectively.) Also, we have… Read more »
The Primal Palette
5 years 10 months ago

Interesting article, thanks. Going to need to digest this one for a while before forming an opinion.

Crystal
Crystal
5 years 10 months ago

This was a very interesting read. Just wanted to point out that Grapples (at least Grapple brand grapples), aren’t actually hybrids, but just apples that have been saturated with grape flavoring. And unless you’re a big fan of grape kool-aid, I’d say they are abominations ;-P

Victoria
Victoria
5 years 10 months ago

haha- I thought of the grapple when I read this… Definitely an abomination and NOT a hybrid!

Melanie
Melanie
5 years 10 months ago

Brilliant.

“You go back far enough and it’s just pollen and seeds and wind and bees – one big swirling floral orgy – and every single plant we know today has ties to that epoch of love.”

Alhaddadin
Alhaddadin
5 years 10 months ago

Summer of ’67, right?

StoneCutter
StoneCutter
4 years 4 months ago

Way back before you were born, remember kids?

HeidiAnne
HeidiAnne
5 years 10 months ago
Another point with the GMO’s… corn, soybeans, etc. are being genetically modified to be “round-up ready” This allows the farmer to spray round-up on the whole field to get rid of weeds without harming the crop. so now there is round-up in your consumable crop. and the best part is the weeds are evolving and genetically modifying themselves. farmers are having to pay for the licensed gmo seeds AND having to spray harsher chemicals for weeds. Monsanto’s fix… working on plants that are resistant to the harsher herbicides… b/c that worked so well the first time!
Primal Palate
Primal Palate
5 years 3 months ago

I saw that documentary…scary!
And, they fly or drive around and dump seeds in organic fields to later on shut that farmer down for not having license to grow monsanto’s GMO plant.
Brilliant eh?!

They try to sabotage this organic movement and want to control ALL seeds to every food available on the planet…from what I saw in that documentary.

Sandra
Sandra
5 years 10 months ago

Vital electrics refer to the organism’s ability to naturally reproduce. Many hybrids need to be grafted in order to replicate. Similarly, hybridized animals are often sterile–beefalo, mules, dzo, etc.

Steve
5 years 10 months ago

What about one of the coolest animals on the planet… the Liger, the Tigon however is not so kick ass.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=191cPadaxCk

jj
jj
5 years 9 months ago

But many other hybrids can reproduce just fine. Grow cucumbers and melons in the same garden for a few years running and you’ll just need to look at the sprouts of your compost heap to see fertile hybridization at work.

Molly Bean
Molly Bean
5 years 10 months ago

The link to David Wolfe’s site made me laugh. I especially liked this part:
“Mangos transport you into the ecstatic state of summer fun. Bananas make you feel like a wild primate!”
The whole purity thing is pretty weird. I’m always suspicious of talk like that. A little too cult-ish for me.

debnose
debnose
4 years 22 days ago

I agree with David Wolfe, I feel blessed to be able to experience these very peaceful thoughts as I enjoy natural whole foods! I can only pity those who don’t allow themselves to have this ability. And no, I am not one to be superstitious or brainwashed by no cult.

Karin
Karin
5 years 10 months ago

Grapples aren’t hybrids, FWIW. They’re just apples bathed in “Concord grape flavor”.

debnose
debnose
4 years 22 days ago

Jeewhiz, don’t we have enough artificial junk on our shelves, do they even have to junk our natural food selections too? People should learn to appreciate and enjoy the nature of things more and stop demanding all this artificial man-made JUNK!

Brian White
Brian White
5 years 10 months ago

Isn’t broccoli a hybrid of spinach and cauliflower?

Sarah
Sarah
5 years 10 months ago
No, broccoli is not a hybrid of spinach and cauliflower! There is no nutritional problem with hybrids, but as many are sterile or lack reproductive efficacy, they do pose a problem from a sustainability perspective in that many hybrid vegetable lines are controlled solely by large seed companies, most of which are controlled by Monsanto and the like. So, by buying fancy hybrid vegetables & fruits, you are indirectly supporting these. However, many of the non-fancy vegetables you see in the store, like plain old broccoli or spinach, are in fact hybrids themselves, only hybridized for things like shelf life,… Read more »
Primal Palate
Primal Palate
5 years 3 months ago

” many hybrid vegetable lines are controlled solely by large seed companies, most of which are controlled by Monsanto and the like. ” Sarah

And there lies my problem with buying and consuming hybrids. I don’t want to support a company that has malicious intensions and an evil agenda.

Michele
Michele
5 years 10 months ago

broccolini + coconut oil = BLISS!

Sarah Due
Sarah Due
5 years 10 months ago

Hybrids certainly seem natural enough… I came across this article today though: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gjbYauB3WWZW2NuY5bwD7RluUv2A?docId=606e323dbd664ba1b021280b03aff34c

Don’t think I’ll be trying those any time soon. I’ll take my oxidizing apples the way they are.

Matt
Matt
5 years 10 months ago

Cruciferous vegetables contain goitrogens which interfere with thyroid function and other toxins. http://www.westonaprice.org/abcs-of-nutrition/177-bearers-of-the-cross.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goitrogens

Malin
Malin
5 years 10 months ago

The whole thing with hybrids become especially amusing if you consider the fact that some creationists take the banana as a sign that creationism is right. Cause something that brilliant MUST have a maker 😉

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2z-OLG0KyR4

Danielle
5 years 10 months ago

Wow, I’d take a ” big swirling floral orgy” any day.

Melodious
Melodious
5 years 10 months ago

I’d always heard that the lemon was a hybrid between a citron and a lime.
According to Wikipedia, it’s a citron and a sour orange (which I’d never heard of).

Peggy
Peggy
5 years 10 months ago

I’ve always wanted an old Citroen…

I bet “sour oranges” have bred out of existence – except for some lesser-known corner of Spain…

Sarah
Sarah
5 years 10 months ago

Seville oranges are readily available when they’re in season (usually February-April) – but really, you don’t want to eat them unless they’re marmalade. “Not palatable” doesn’t even begin to describe them.

Alhaddadin
Alhaddadin
5 years 10 months ago
Hey, fear not! Sour oranges are alive and well in my native Arizona! I grew up in a neighborhood of Phoenix/Scottsdale called Arcadia, which was a colony of gigantic citrus orchards until about 1960 (when air conditioning made Phoenix somewhat livable…). When they started parceling out the orchards into subdivisions, developers built the homes around the “less palatable” varieties of fruit, leaving the good stuff for the farmers, but still giving new homeowners a picturesque yard full of colorful (but sour) orange trees. I can’t imagine that people are really jonesing for sour oranges – not great for a whole… Read more »
Jolice
Jolice
1 year 2 months ago

Seville oranges are hard to eat… I buy them around that time.

Kitty
Kitty
5 years 10 months ago

Peggy,
We had a ‘sour orange’ tree in our back yard about 10 years ago 🙂 (in Australia)
We now have about 10 old Citroens instead :S
No joke.

Thanks for the article Mark 🙂

jspradley
jspradley
5 years 10 months ago

Bok Choy, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Collards, Kale, Kohlrabi, Rutabaga, and Turnips are all the same species, so could that really be a hybrid?

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David
David
5 years 10 months ago

I do like that you point out what we DON’T need to worry about. Any nutrient, diet, plant or animal–someone always makes a claim that there’s something to worry about. As a nutrition student I have to/tend to think about food A LOT, and it’s tiring; the last thing I want to do is worry about food.

I am still skeptical about the sugar content though (most fruit have significantly more sugar than 30 years ago due to selective breeding)…but I know there are bigger fish to fry.

eeew
eeew
3 years 7 months ago

Yeah, I do worry about food a lot. If everything is so wonderful about all of these foods, then why has autism spiked 4000% yes four thousand percent in the past 10 years? And it does concern me that viruses are used to invade the cells of the plants. And look at the illnesses that have rampaged unlike any we’ve seen in most of our life times.Something is not right with this crap, sorry to disagree, but I am not blind, deaf or dumb.

Matt Robbins
Matt Robbins
5 years 10 months ago

Mark,

I wouldn’t be so quick to demonize David Wolf; he may have something there about the seeds. We truly don’t know. Let’s keep Paleo and Primal diets open minded and positive. That, to me, is of the utmost; we aren’t like the militant vegans/vegetarians. We keep open minds about our foods, and other’s opinions. If I’m wrong, please tell me so.

Best,

Matt

tess
tess
5 years 10 months ago

🙂 i don’t know about DW, but i sure agree about group attitude — macronutrient fanatics and food nazis are no fun! talk about raising stress levels….

Clint White
Clint White
5 years 10 months ago

I get such a kick out of your writing. This one had lots of fun phrases that others have already gleened from the text. Thanks for brightening my day with your wit. You are vitally electric!

kem
kem
5 years 10 months ago

I reckon I might be a hybrid myself.

Ian
Ian
5 years 10 months ago

So where does “Purple sprouting broccolli” fit?

dragonmamma
dragonmamma
5 years 10 months ago

I decided to let a few “volunteer” plants grow in my garden this year, and wow, did I get some confused vegetables that were bastard off-spring of previous crops. I had one plant that I swear was a hybrid of yellow crookneck squash and an english cucumber; very weird in appearance and taste.

Tim Huntley
5 years 9 months ago

Mark,

As you say, we definitely have more important things to worry about other than hybrid vegetables; however as a small scale farmer, I believe that many of the heirloom varieties are often more nutritious as they have not been selected to maxamize yield. With fewer “fruits”, the plant does a better job of concentrating its resources. Just something to think about if you are growing your own food.

Kellie
5 years 9 months ago

Wonderful insight! My family loves heirloom variety and we can’t wait to start our garden in the spring.

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[…] sivuilla on yleensä kaikkea mielenkiintoista ja jännittävää, mutta nyt siellä ihmetellään, voiko parsakaalia syödä, kun se on hybridinen kasvis. Minä en tiedä, mitä se tarkoittaa, enkä haluakaan tietää. Rajansa kaikella. Pelko pois ja […]

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[…] fruits and vegetables Here is an interesting article on hybrid and GMO fruits and vegetables. http://www.marksdailyapple.com/hybrid-fruits-vegetables/ Here is an excerpt: So, does eating a pluot, a tangelo, a plate of broccolini, some seedless […]

Kellie
5 years 9 months ago

Great question, Angela! And thanks for the insight, well-thought answer. It is actually something that never occurred to me, so I love having the question and answer appear to me all at once. I love hybrid produce, and love them even more now!

Harold
Harold
5 years 9 months ago

Stupid question – If you want your food to be the very best go for GMO don’t bother with hybrids – those are just hit and miss . GE is created on purpose by some of the best designers in the world. You don’t dress in untreated sheep skins, do you?

Ann Coleman
Ann Coleman
5 years 9 months ago

Not sure I’d go whole hog on genetic engineering, Harold, but I am curious about GMO. There are definitely some horrendous ideas out there (Round-up Ready being the poster child), but in theory, at least, GMO could be a good thing if used to increase natural pest resistance, salt and drought tolerance, vitamin content, etc. Like fire, it’s a tool and there’s no reason to reject it out of hand just because Monsanto is an arsonist.

PhilmontScott
PhilmontScott
3 years 6 months ago

“Like fire, it [GMO] is a tool and there’s no reason to reject it out of hand just because Monsanto is an arsonist.”

LOVE IT.

I agree that Round-up Ready is probably a bad idea, but “natural pest resistance” could also be bad. If they get the plant to include compounds (toxins) to prevent pests from eating the plant, will those compounds be safe for human consumption?

Chairdr
Chairdr
5 years 9 months ago

funny..I couldnt wait to read this . I had Broccolli Rabe last night, tonight, & tomorrow night lined up. Thank god you approved.LOL. I am the only one in my family that eats it, so when I get it, it for 3 nights in a row to stay fresh, & get my WF moneys worth. you can keep your pluots & grapples. how about some new ones..”Jercream”(jerky & heavy cream)or “Chegg” (a cheese omlette already to go) “porkonut” (pig crossed with a coconut)

Richard
Richard
5 years 9 months ago

Hibrid pets …labradoodles

CNYmicaa
CNYmicaa
5 years 9 months ago

or the mutt I got at the shelter, lol!

debnose
debnose
4 years 22 days ago

I know a cross-bred dog who has split personalities and anger management problems, you never know when he’s going to growl and jump at your face… I’m suspecting it’s because he’s not a full breed as nature intended? Wut coud go rong?

Bo
Bo
5 years 9 months ago

Most people are unaware that grapefruit are also hybrids. They were first created as cross breeds between oranges and pomelos.

CNYmicaa
CNYmicaa
5 years 9 months ago

Weird to see a blog on this. I saw it for the 1st time Monday and brought some home, just had it for dinner…delicious!

Jeff
5 years 9 months ago

I wasn’t even aware of the existence of broccolini, pluots, and apriums until today. Gotta try them out.

Mary Anne
Mary Anne
5 years 9 months ago

Someone correct me if I’m wrong. A hybrid does not ‘breed true.’ That’s why if you save seeds from a true hybrid, if you get offspring, it is not the same as the original hybrid’s offspring.

Tim
Tim
5 years 9 months ago

The first generation after a cross will probably have a great variety of properties, but the longer you breed a fertile hybrid the more predictable its genetics will become.

debnose
debnose
4 years 22 days ago

Leave it to nature and stop tampering with it! We may be clever, but nature knows best and always has or else none of us or anything would’ve evolved in the first place!

Grok
5 years 9 months ago

Funny, that doesn’t even seem like the same David Wolfe these days. Here he was a month ago: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_fta0-93Ms

Bri
Bri
5 years 9 months ago
Isn’t that Daniel Vitalis? I’m pretty sure he and David Wolfe are not the same. Also, I take issue with Wolfe for reasons outside of food philosophy that I don’t feel inclined to elaborate because they’re rather tangential. As far as open-mindedness goes, I looked into raw foods on my journey to eating well and being healthier. The extreme fanaticism and anti-intellectualism of that faction drove me away. In addition, many of them eat so much sugar that it boggles my mind (e.g., dried fruit, honey, agave, and fruit). I’m open to different ideas, and not all raw foodists are… Read more »
Grok
5 years 9 months ago

Oops, LOL! wrong guf-ru. Must have been half asleep when I did that. Oh well, both generally bore me to tears.

debnose
debnose
4 years 22 days ago
Maybe you just haven’t experienced the best! I’ve been a raw foodist for 9 years now and have made many adjustments in my diet; one being getting rid of agave nectar, which brings me to where I am today experiencing ultimate health on a raw food diet. And no, we don’t eat a lot of ‘sugar’ … honey, dates, and fruit don’t have the same devastating effects on the body as processed cane sugar does, and moderation is the key. I am also in no way a religious fanatic, so this way of eating is not to be mistaken for… Read more »
John
John
5 years 9 months ago

The really ironic thing is that broccoli itself is an inbred type of Brassica – ever see a plant with leaves that tight in nature? Nope. Intentionally inbred and cross bred to give us nice, tasty, tight little florets. Ditto for cauliflower by the way.

Dain
Dain
4 years 10 months ago

Exactly!!

Bri
Bri
5 years 9 months ago

I thoroughly enjoyed your subtle rebuke of David Wolfe. That man is preposterous.

Mary cairns
Mary cairns
5 years 9 months ago

Thanks for your interesting articles and humor.
Farmed salmon was especially interesting.
We are fortunate since we live on an island with lots of fishermen who sell on the docks.

Mark, can you give me your opinion of Hemp Hearts? It’s all the ‘rage’ now. I am using them because I don’t get hungry for hours.
Four tablespoons on a salad or in eggs keeps you going all day! Thanks, Mary. S.S.I.

Tim
Tim
5 years 9 months ago

Very funny and accurate – a great article, Mark.

Frederik
5 years 9 months ago
Wolfe is not fruitarian, in fact he eats both ants and moths. That being said he does come up with seemingly far fetched ideas now and again. I think realising that basically all our foods (also the animals) are hybridized is important, not because this is necessarily bad in and of it self, but because it makes it possible for us to realize that there are different aspects of our produce that are different from their wild counterparts, because we have bred for them. Things such as higher starch/sugar content, larger size, lower fiber content, lower content of alkaloids (or… Read more »
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