It seems that elevated fasting or non fasting blood glucose levels may be the best predictor of cardiovascular disease. There are plenty of studies in this area, here's just a couple:
American College of Cardiology Foundation | Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Nonfasting Glucose, Ischemic Heart Disease, and Myocardial InfarctionA Mendelian Randomization Study
Blood glucose and risk of cardiovascular disea... [Diabetes Care. 2004] - PubMed - NCBI