Isocaloric studies comparing different meal timings, frequencies, and macros, all yield the same results as far as fat loss goes. So it IS all about calories!!! And therefore everything you just discussed is complete nonsense.
Dieting is hard enough. You'd be much better off focusing on a model that works best for you and that you can adhere to. So here is what I would recommend:
1. If you want to be strict, count calories. But that should be as strict as you get.
2. Base your plan on what gives you the most energy for your workouts.
3. Base your plan on what gives you the most satisfaction and is easy to adhere to.
The above should take some personal experimentation and developing intuition. Personally I prefer working out in the morning first to get it out of the way. Also, I take caffeine for my workouts, which isn't good if done too late.
Another thing to note is that the muscles are fueled by glycogen. So it's better to to have them filled prior to working out such as the day before. For that same reason, the idea of replenishing glycogen after the workout is retarded. If you only lift weights and don't do a lot of activity otherwise, you aren't going to deplete your muscles of glycogen anyways. For that reason I would only bother eating carbs after my workout for other and more simple reasons such as "I'm hungry and that's when I eat anyways".