So I really like this idea of Primal eating, but I feel a lot of stuff in this community is misinterpreted primal.
First, cooking is not primal and should be minimized.
Second, large amounts of animal is not primal. Our ancestors ate leaner wild animals and not in huge quantity.
If you apply these 2 additional principals, the primal diet is correct.
The fossil evidence points to fires being a recent invention. Cooking creates all sorts of harmful chemicals.
A good Primal diet should include fruits, vegetables,nuts, and animal.
Most of it should be raw, but boiling is good for some foods. Since most of us don't have access to freshly killed meat for eating raw, boiling it and making stews is a good substitute.
The first clear evidence for hearths isn't until about 250,000 years ago. "The application of heat for food was a late thing," says C. Loring Brace, an anthropologist (see article 1)
Cooking meat at high temperature creates heterocyclic amines which are carcinogens.
While eating meat raw may be the only way to avoid HCAs fully, the National Cancer Institute states that cooking meat below 212 °F (100 °C) creates "negligible amounts" of HCAs. (ie boiling is safe) (see article 2)
True Role of Meats/Fat
Don't go for the fatty cut of beef..just get the regular piece..even then, its probably still fattier than the WILD animals our ancestors ate.
Think of wild pheasant, wild duck, alligator, deer, wild quail, snake, squirrel, wild bison, and any other wild animal you've eaten.
They are often considerably leaner than domestic animals.
While meat is important, we need to focus more on veggies/fruits/nuts. Hunting is time intensive, difficult, and at times dangerous. Picking fruits, nuts and tubers is easier, safer, faster. Gathered foods are the mainstay of a good diet and meat is an important supplement.
Bottom line: eat meat but don't gorge on fat(ex no bacon or lard). Eat more salads, fruits, nuts, and tubers.
Most African hunter-gatherers relied primarily on gathered food, not hunted food. These may be most similar to what we evolved from.
!Kung people: Animal foods contribute 33% and plant foods 67% of their daily energy intakes. Fifty percent (by wt) of their plant-based diet comes from the mongongo nut, which is available throughout the year in massive quantities.
Hunter-gatherer Hazda of Tanzania: “the bulk of their diet” is wild plants, although they live in an area with an exceptional abundance of game animals and refer to themselves as hunters
Aka Pygmies: their avg. collecting area in the African rain forest has a wild tuber biomass of >5 tons.
(see article 3)
In summary, a greater focus on less cooking, more fruits/vegetables, and leaner meats.
processed fats: tallow, lard, olive oil, coconut milk
grilled and fried foods (many carcinogens)
grains, legumes, dairy
Meat/Eggs in Excess--- These are supplemental, not mainstays. Our ancestors had *limited* access to these foods, not kilogram upon kilo of it.
Starchy veggies(carrots, potatoes)
sashimi and carpaccio
stews* with meat, fish and veggies
(all types of meat, organs, and pieces of whole animal fat)
*Cook enough to avoid food borne illness and to soften some veggies(more palatable and easier to digest), but most food should be raw. Use as low a temperature as possible- boiling is one of the best choices, and it adds water to your diet which is also healthy.(ie soups and stews)
1. Pennisi: Did Cooked Tubers Spur the Evolution of Big Brains?
2. www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/cooked-meats+Heterocyclic+Amines+in+Cooked+Meats%22.+Nati onal+Cancer+Institute.&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk]Chemicals in Meat Cooked at High Temperatures and Cancer Risk - National Cancer <b style="color:white;background-color:#00aa00">Institute</b>[/url]
3. Hunter-gatherer diets
Last edited by QuestionApple; 07-14-2012 at 12:27 PM.
Eating primal is not a diet, it is a way of life.
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Plenty of wild animals are not lean. Megafauna certainly wasn't. Bear is not -- you can render something like 15 gallons of oil off a bear. Stefansson mentiins shooting a caribou that had 40lb slabs of back-fat on it. Some marine animals come pretty heavily laden, too. John Rodgers Jewitt's memoir:
The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Adventures of John Jewitt, by John Rodgers JewittTheir mode of living is very simple—their food consisting almost wholly of fish, or fish spawn fresh or dried, the blubber of the whale, seal, or sea-cow, mussels, clams, and berries of various kinds; all of which are eaten with a profusion of train-oil for sauce, not excepting even the most delicate fruit, as strawberries and raspberries.
Hunters can also be highly selective in which animals from the herd they select, going for teh largest and fattest -- and which cuts they choose to eat, which to abandon. Ethnographic accounts make that clear, as does the archaeological record -- for example, the Garnsey bison-kill site investigated many years ago by John Speth:
1983 Speth (Garnsey Bison Kill BOOK) (John D Speth) - Academia.edu
Some Native Americans have been described as living on a diet of "guts and grease" -- article, including a table showing sources of fat here:
Guts and Grease: The Diet of Native Americans - Weston A Price Foundation
And what some contemporary bands of hunter-gatherers, pushed into marginal areas like the Kalahari desert, and subject to game laws (because the game is preserved for the needs of tourism) may have to make do on in the way of food is neither here when it comes to what Palaeolithic Man did.
Stable isotope analysis of his bones shows us what he was eating, and it wasn't a handful of salad. Not that there's anything wrong with salad; but you can't live on it.
You lost me with fire as part of the fossil record (as opposed to, I dunno, maybe the *archaeological* record). Particularly as a proof of something being recent.
Where can I get my own fossilized fire to wear around my neck to show how primal I REALLY am?
Because in a world where survival hangs by a thread and every single calorie counts towards keeping me alive, you can keep that hump of fat from the Aurochs' shoulders! Give me a small the lean inner cut of tenderloin to go with these insoluble green frond's I've found!
Officially invoking Formosa.
Last edited by brahnamin; 07-14-2012 at 01:04 PM.
I'm not saying to avoid meats...but eating lard is not primal.
You have to heat it in order to render it...not healthy and not primal.
Most of the animals you mention are not in cold climates in Northern climates....not where man evolved from.
The peoples you mention are in marginal lands..not the lush rainforests filled with vegetation.
If you had plenty of vegetables/fruits/nuts around...why would you take the effort, time, and risk to hunt? An important supplement to diet, of course...but eating unlimited quantities of it isn't likely.
Please post a link to this isotope analysis that you mention.
Furthermore, all of these peoples spent a lot more time exercising (typical natives spent 8 hours per day, see article 3 in my sources above).
I think the paleo movement should definitely emphasize exercise a lot more. Go for a 5 hour hike....each day. I used to do that when I was losing weight and I lost 60lbs that way.
If we really want to go paleo, we should restructure our lives..not just our diet. Perhaps move to the countryside and become organic farmers/ranchers. Hmm..now there's an idea.
Last edited by QuestionApple; 07-14-2012 at 01:20 PM.
Yes, I used the wrong word "fossil" instead of archealogical....
but instead of adressing my point of cooking being unhealthy, relatively recent, and not primal....
you attacked my wording.
I think I need to look elsewhere if I want an intelligent, academic discussion.
PS. Mark Scisson is actually pretty good in a lot of his advice, such as intermittent fasting and other stuff...so good job to him
Last edited by QuestionApple; 07-14-2012 at 01:21 PM.
Your claim about fire alone is absolutely silly. A hearth is one thing--that isn't proof of fire. That's proof of settlement. A group of nomads isn't going to build a hearth.
Oldest recorded (possible) evidence of fire is from Israel, 790,000 years ago. Charred wood and seeds were found at Gesher Benot Ya'aqov. But even if you argued against that one, there's still Zhoukoudian, in China, which has evidence dating back 400,000 years.
SW: 324.6 ----- CW: 310
Homo sapiens diverged as a species about 200,000 years ago... and reached modern physiological evolution about 50,000 years ago... Homo sapiens... HUMANS... have always had fire, cooked their food, and they ate fat whenever possible because fat is calorically dense and necessary to make vital nutrients available in their diets. Choosing a fatty animal is always better to feed a subsistance group than choosing a lean animal. Too little fat can lead to illness in times when carbohydrates are not available... and they would not have always been available as the early humans did not all live in tropical areas during all of homo sapien evolution. In fact, much evidence points to some serious climate shifts (towards hot and dry/drought) in Africa that made living quite harsh and narrowed the availability of many foods, and of course even in equatorial areas foods are quite seasonal. Migration out of Africa placed humans in more temperate climes about 70k years ago. With more temperate climates comes even more harsh seasonal partitions of available foods. No doubt that during the seasons when green shoots, roots, tubers, or fruits were in abundance they ate them... either raw or cooked according to taste and digestion... but there were also months when they likely needed to subsist almost solely on meat, and that means fatty meat... not lean.
Have fun eating whatever you want.
We can all make decisions about what works best for us individually... skewing facts to try and say that it's the "Right" way however is a bit odd IMO.
“You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”
And that's why I'm here eating HFLC Primal/Paleo.
Research further instead of trolling/promoting an agenda. You are very misinformed. A diet full of lean muscle meats is a very unconventional thing and it has only been brought to the forefront in the past few decades. It's another piece of the puzzle when it comes to health issues. Muscle meat is very high in phosphate, which works in harmony with calcium. If you eat a diet full of muscle meat with no gelatin and bone barrow to balance it out, you are drawing calcium away from your bone and promoting a calcium deficiency and VERY acidic body conditions. Cancer and osteoporosis are contributed to by this condition. I'm guessing you haven't considered this.
Last edited by ChocoTaco369; 07-14-2012 at 01:53 PM.
Don't put your trust in anyone on this forum, including me. You are the key to your own success.