You laboratory results came back.
Your cholesterol is abnormal.
CHOL 213 10/05/2012
TRIG 142 10/05/2012
HDL 40 10/05/2012
LDL 145 10/05/2012
The CHOL (total cholesterol) should be LOWER than 200.
The TG (triglyceride) should be LOWER than 150.
The HDL (good cholesterol) should be HIGHER than 40
The LDL (bad cholesterol) should be LOWER than 100
Please stick to a low fat, low cholesterol diet to lower your LDL cholesterol. Exercise, eating fish and taking omega-3 supplements can raise your HDL cholesterol.
You may call to sign up for a class on lowering your cholesterol.
Your recent fasting blood sugar (FBS) was elevated at 106. Normal FBS is between 70 to 99. Diabetes starts at a FBS of 126 or higher. Your FBS is in the borderline or prediabetic range. Essentially prediabetes is treated with a diabetic diet and weight loss so as to prevent you from developing further elevation of your FBS.
Here is some additional information on prediabetes for you to read.
Pre-diabetes is a condition that most people have before they develop diabetes. You may have heard it called impaired glucose tolerance or borderline diabetes. Regardless of its name, it is a health problem that you need to take seriously. If you have pre-diabetes, your blood sugar (glucose) is at a higher than normal level, but not yet in the diabetes range. Pre-diabetes is defined as a fasting blood sugar of 100 to 125 mg/dl. Having prediabetes means that you are at greater risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Diabetes is a condition that makes it hard for your body to turn the food that you eat into energy. After you eat, your body releases a hormone (insulin) that causes blood sugar to enter the cells where it is used for energy. When you do not make enough insulin, or your body does not use insulin well, sugar builds up in your blood, which can cause diabetes. Over the years, this high blood sugar can damage your nerves and blood vessels. This may lead to a heart attack, stroke, or other serious health problems.
The most common kind of diabetes is type 2. Being overweight and inactive increase the chance that you'll get type 2 diabetes. There is good news for people with pre-diabetes. By changing your lifestyle, you can reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. The key to success is to make small changes that lead to big rewards over time. Consider making the following small changes:
Increase your physical activity to at least 30 to 60 minutes every day.
Eat fewer calories. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
*Lose 5 to 10 percent of your body weight or maintain a body mass index (BMI) less than 25. BMI is a measure of body weight relative to height.
*Check your fasting blood sugar every year to monitor whether your condition has changed from pre-diabetes.
Physical activity is the single most effective way to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. Physical activity can also benefit your health by decreasing blood pressure, reducing your risk of heart disease, osteoporosis, and some cancers. It can also increase the level of good cholesterol (HDL) and decrease the level of total cholesterol. Best of all, physical activity can increase your sense of well-being and help you enjoy life more.
Too much inactivity contributes to weight gain. Small increases in physical activity over time can make a big difference. Almost any activity that gets you moving and strengthens your muscles is good for your health.
Aim for 30 minutes of consistent physical activity on most days.
* Go for walks or bike rides with family or friends.
*Consider using home exercise videos or exercise equipment.
*Try to get in a workout during the day. Take a brisk walk during half of your lunch break. Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
*Use a pedometer (step-counter) to track your steps. Determine how many steps you walk every day, then increase this number by 50 to 100 steps (or by 5 to 10 percent).
Eat healthier: Make wise food choices.
Making changes can be hard. But when it comes to taking care of yourself, it's worth the effort to stay healthy.
The following tips can help you get started:
*Choose smaller portions.
*Drink plenty of water.
*Try to eat slowly. It takes your stomach 20 minutes to tell your brain that it is full.
*Cut back on sugars by limiting the amount of soda you drink
*Choose foods that are lower in fat and calories.
*Baked, boild, broiled, or steamed food
*Fruits and vegetable
*Whole wheat bread and brown rice
*Nonfat milk, nonfat yogurt, nonfat cheese
*Pan Fried or deep-fat fried foods
*French fries, chips, crackers
*White bread, white rice, and potatoes
*High-fat dairy foods, such as whole milk, cheese, cream, and ice cream
This information is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of medical advice or care you receive from your physician or other medical professional. If you have persistent health problems, or if you have further questions, please consult your doctor.