That can happen, and it doesn't have to be prison. In fact, for severe cases like the one you describe, it sounds likely to happen sooner rather than later. Say he gets a crush on a girl, or better yet a teacher. Or starts to admire someone cool. (Actually cool, not faux.) All he needs is an outside referential point that he respects, which enables him to see how his choices contribute to his isolation from that person or attractive peer group. It will and should be a rude shock but it's possible to absorb and learn even if it is happening for the first time.
On the other hand, perhaps they will crush him entirely and turn him into a soulless sociopath. But he doesn't sound charming enough to be a successful sociopath, so he will go to prison. Perhaps there he will find a peer group of unpleasant, unpopular, and entitled adults where he can bond. Or die.
If that's his fate, let's just hope he gets there before damaging too many other people.
I tend to favor extremely polite but vigorous use of the Clue Bat, and as with puppies consistency is everything, but when needed don't hesitate to pull out the Logic-Spiked Clue-by-Four.I have never met a more unpleasant, unpopular, and entitled child than this one, and his parents have no idea how much harder they have made his life. No one wants to play with him, or picks him for their math group, and it's just sad. But his parents blame the school and he blames the other kids, and a big whack of the Clue Stick is due all around.
ObPrimal: Now I want goats, too. I do not need more wants!