The key is to find what works for you within the primal principles. I'm doing great on the leptin protocol, but have made minor adjustments that I can live with, borrowing from different sources; so I don't think there is a truly definitive leptin program outside of eat protein upon waking, don't snack or eat too close to bedtime. I really appreciate what Dr K is trying to do to help get the message out, for it has been of enormous help to me. Even so, while the 50g protein may be what Dr. Kruse finds ideal, people are variable, so if some people only do 30g, but stay on track with the rest, I can't see how that wouldn't be still quite good. I like the adage: don't let the perfect become the enemy of the good.
Here's a list of a few things I've pulled from Richard's Mastering Leptin that are important guides for me:
Notes from Mastering Leptin, Byron Richards
Leptin tells thyroid hormones, adrenal hormones, pancreatic hormones, and sex hormones how to perform. Leptin can function without any help from these other hormones, but these other hormones cannot function properly without leptin. (Kindle Locations 314-315).
Leptin responds to specific rhythmic patterns and is a fundamental hormone in regulating your body rhythms. (Kindle Locations 470-471).
Leptin is the essential hormone that controls energy balance and metabolism in the human body. Problems with leptin disrupt the natural balance of homeostasis and are, therefore, the cause of a great majority of health problems. (Kindle Locations 538-540).
These issues have little to do with willpower; the urge to eat is driven by a misguided sense of survival. This confused survival instinct is under the influence of leptin. This results in abnormal behavior and cravings for food. (Kindle Locations 1048-1050).
Therefore, alcohol consumption, especially at night, can fuel overeating even in healthy people, sending them into leptin resistance. (Kindle Location 1118).
Remember, the hypothalamus gland of the brain is where this leptin signal is being processed. The hypothalamus gland is the “old brain.” It seeks to regulate the chemical reactions in the human body from the neck down. (Kindle Locations 1125-1126).
It is best to avoid all artificial sweeteners on The Leptin Diet because they flood the brain with sweet sensation in the absence of calories. This type of “sweet ingestion abuse” occurs nowhere in our genetic evolution. (Kindle Locations 1939-1941).
The Leptin Diet consists of five key dietary rules. These rules apply to almost everyone. They are essential to mastering leptin. Individuals need to learn to implement the Five Rules on a consistent basis in their life. Doing so establishes a solid foundation for mastering leptin. Rule 1: Never eat after dinner. Allow eleven to twelve hours between dinner and breakfast. Never go to bed on a full stomach. Finish eating dinner at least three hours before bed. This rule is explained in chapter 15. Rule 2: Eat three meals a day. Allow five to six hours between meals. Do not snack. This rule is explained in chapter 17. Rule 3: Do not eat large meals. If you are overweight, always try to finish a meal when you are slightly less than full; the full signal will usually catch up in ten to twenty minutes. Eating slowly is important. This rule is explained in chapter 18. Rule 4: Eat a breakfast containing protein. This rule is explained in chapter 19. Rule 5: Reduce the amount of carbohydrates you eat. This rule is explained in chapter 20. (Kindle Locations 1982-1995).
The number-one sign that there is a problem with leptin resistance is overeating at night. This is the single most important symptom indicating that leptin is really out of control. (Kindle Locations 2054-2055).
They [leptin levels] peak in the evening hours and are the highest during the first two hours of sleep. They gradually fall during the night and reach their lowest level around noon; then they begin to rise again. (Kindle Locations 2063-2064).
The bottom line is that frequent eating clogs the liver’s fuel system. Fatigue is a common symptom for a person with a clogged liver. (Kindle Locations 2213-2214).
Thus, from a dietary point of view, the foremost reason for elevated cholesterol is snacking between meals, not the cholesterol content of food. (Kindle Locations 2218-2219).
When you eat between meals it changes powerful hormonal signals which prevent the breakdown of fat, confuse your liver, and induce calories to head for fat storage. (Kindle Locations 2134-2135).
There is a simple test to help determine you have eaten too many carbohydrates. Stand on the scale first thing in the morning and then stand on the scale at night. If you weigh over two pounds more at night than in the morning, one of the Five Rules of eating has most likely been violated. If (Kindle Locations 2698-2701).
If caffeine raises blood pressure more than four points, contributes to weight gain around the middle, and/or there is great trouble following the Five Rules, then it can be assumed that caffeine intake is excessive. This is because excess sympathetic nerve stimulation causes a numbing effect on fat cells in the abdominal area. This leads to excess weight gain around the middle. In such situations, caffeine is making adrenaline resistance worse. Therefore, the overcaffeinated individual is irritable, hyper, prone to high blood pressure, has trouble sleeping, has insulin resistance, and is gaining weight around the middle. (Kindle Locations 2914-2920).
The issue of leptin resistance is the key factor for a truly misguided hunger signal: the brain cannot properly sense the amount of fuel stored in fat; therefore, it enforces a hunger signal. The result is that the eaten food keeps being sent into fat storage. Insulin resistance and adrenaline resistance work together with leptin resistance to lock in eating patterns that are erratic. Individuals with these issues are lacking in stress tolerance, and they try to use food to cool off or settle down emotional feelings. The result is an emotional eater who locks in the problems of leptin, insulin, and adrenaline resistance. *(Kindle Locations 2941-2945).
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is the key hunger signal in the brain. This signal must be turned off for an individual to feel satisfied from food. If this signal stays elevated, then eating continues (figure 10). Leptin and NPY are opposites. As leptin levels rise inside the brain, NPY levels fall. Unfortunately, when there is leptin resistance, leptin does not enter the brain at the proper rate. NPY levels stay high, causing individuals to eat more than they need before the brain gets the message that they are full. Diabetics and obese individuals have the highest elevations of inappropriate NPY.238 (Kindle Locations 2958-2963).
While any exercise helps, consistent resistance training is the best for promoting healthy GH [growth hormone]function. *(Kindle Locations 4643-4644).
Last edited by Digby; 07-03-2011 at 07:39 PM.
This time, like all times, is a very good one, if we but know what to do with it. Ralph Waldo Emerson
Any given day you are surrounded by 10,000 idiots. Lao Tsu, founder of Taoism