Partly cloudy isn't reliable for good synthesis, even for very pale people. Back in the day we would be outside all of the time and it wouldn't be a problem. is pretty hard to get to toxic levels no matter what you do. Our bodies naturally want to use about 4-6k IU a day so if we take that and don't get any sunlight that will be our maintenance dose. It is pretty difficult to know how much we can synthesize. The general consensus seems to mean anywhere between 10000 and 20000 for 20-30 minutes of full body exposure, but certain factors can detract from that like low serum cholesterol.
Just as a point of reference, I'm pretty damn pale and 3 months of 10000IU per day and all the sun exposure I could muster took me from 29 ng/ml to 37, whereas the optimal range is over 50 and toxicity is much higher than that so you can probably take supplements and get sun exposure for months before having to take a test. Testing is super important, but there isn't much danger so it doesn't have to be so frequent.
Stabbing conventional wisdom in its face.
Anyone who wants to talk nutrition should PM me!