I think most of the beginner programs focus on 5-6 compound lifts. I'm doing Stronglifts 5x5 now, but Starting Strength is similar. If you're beyond that, I'll defer to others since I'm a beginning lifter myself. But if you're just starting out, I'd suggest taking squat, deadlift, bench press, overhead press and either row or power clean, and alternating workouts over a 3 per week schedule. Here is mine:
Week 1, Workout 1 is Monday and Friday and Workout 2 is Wednesday. Week 2, they flip, and Workout 2 is Monday and Friday, and Workout 1 is Wednesday. Alternate going forward, etc.