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Dear Mark: Food with HFCS?

Posted By Mark Sisson On June 16, 2008 @ 9:18 am In Big Agra,Carbs,Dear Mark,Diet,Health,Nutrition | 6 Comments

Dear Mark,

I’m interested in a list of all the manufactured foods that contain high fructose corn syrup. Also, is HFCS also used in wine making?

Thanks to reader Cheryl for this question. First off, let’s talk a bit about high fructose corn syrup. HFCS, as it’s known, is an omnipresent sweetener and preservative found in many/most processed foods. After corn is soaked and separated, sugar present in the cornstarch is processed (with the use of enzymes) to increase fructose content. Corn syrup is then added. The resulting HFCS contains some proportion of fructose to glucose depending on its intended use (typically 55:45 for soft drinks, 42:58 for many baked goods).

And why should we avoid HFCS (all versions, but do I really have to say that)? Because the intake of HCFS has helped unleash a plague of obesity, insulin resistance and even heart disease. I’m no fan of sugar in general [7], but HFCS has an especially menacing profile. Fructose isn’t processed by the body in the same way as sucrose. Instead of setting off a hormonal chain of events and responses involving insulin and leptin, which helps us regulate food intake, HFCS skips over this process. The body doesn’t recognize [8] it in the same capacity. Hence, HFCS doesn’t “trip” the same switch to tell us we’ve had enough. (Another slurpee? Hit me.) Its processing in the liver results in an insidious elevation of blood triglycerides, and it’s more readily turned into fat storage. Finally, it’s been shown to impair the balance of minerals [9] in the body.

And for anyone who argues that HFCS has just offered a cheaper, domestic-based sweetener alternative to regular sugar, the answer is that HFCS hasn’t really been an alternative. Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma, says that HFCS has generally added to Americans’ intake of sugars rather than replaced them. In other words, we now eat almost as much regular sugar as we used to, but now we inhale a whole other stream of sweetener in our daily diet, most of which is “hidden” in common processed foods. Talk about sugar shock [10].

This ubiquitous, heinous lurker of an ingredient is found in foods you’d never suspect were even sweetened, like bread, tomato paste, and pickles. Check out our previous post on the sneaky syrup [11]. Also, check out the two sites below. They were the most comprehensive I could find. If anyone has a better list hit us up with a comment. The trouble with a list of this nature is that a) the list would go on ad infinitum and b) would have to be updated in real time to stay current with all the new food products being pumped out each day that use HFCS. Your best bet is to just check the ingredients before purchasing anything packaged, bottled, wrapped or otherwise processed.

Fast Food Facts – HFCS [12]

Accidental Hedonist List of HFCS grocery store foods [13]

Finally, the kicker? “USDA Organic” foods can contain them as well. HCFS made from organic corn is, well, organic! It’s considered a natural ingredient. Never mind that it’s one of the least healthy things you can put in your body. This is why I always say choose “whole” foods first and then organic versions of them if you can. There’s a lot of “organic” processed crap out there, and people pay a premium for it.

As to whether HFCS is used in wine, I can only say that I’ve never seen any and can’t even fathom it. If someone can give me an example, I’ll have seen it all.

The bottom line:
the pervasiveness of HCFS is yet another reason to avoid processed foods entirely.

Thanks as always for your questions!

Comments? Suggestions for future Dear Mark posts? Send ‘em on!

boeke [14] Flickr Photo (CC)

Further Reading:

8 ‘Health Foods’ that Contain HFCS [11]

On the Question of Sweeteners [15]

What Happens to Your Body When… You CARB BINGE? [10]

Mold: Why it Tastes Like Chicken! (and other mystery ingredients) [16]

Livin’ La Vida Low Carb: HFCS not ‘Mischaracterized,’ but Nailed [17]

Subscribe to Mark’s Daily Apple feeds [18]

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[7] no fan of sugar in general: http://www.marksdailyapple.com/blood-sugar-mortality/

[8] body doesn’t recognize: http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/content/abstract/79/4/537

[9] impair the balance of minerals: http://www.jacn.org/cgi/reprint/19/1/31.pdf

[10] sugar shock: http://www.marksdailyapple.com/what-happens-to-your-body-when-you-carb-binge/

[11] previous post on the sneaky syrup: http://www.marksdailyapple.com/sneaky-syrup/

[12] Fast Food Facts – HFCS: http://www.foodfacts.info/high-fructose-corn-syrup.shtml

[13] Accidental Hedonist List of HFCS grocery store foods: http://www.accidentalhedonist.com/index.php/2005/06/09/foods_and_products_containing_high_fruct

[14] boeke: http://www.flickr.com/photos/boeke/267530310/

[15] On the Question of Sweeteners: http://www.marksdailyapple.com/artificial-sweeteners/

[16] Mold: Why it Tastes Like Chicken! (and other mystery ingredients): http://www.marksdailyapple.com/mold/

[17] Livin’ La Vida Low Carb: HFCS not ‘Mischaracterized,’ but Nailed: http://livinlavidalocarb.blogspot.com/2005/06/hfcs-not-mischaracterized-but-nailed.html

[18] Mark’s Daily Apple feeds: http://www.marksdailyapple.com../../feeds/

[19] Damage Control Master Formula: http://www.primalnutrition.com/

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