Marks Daily Apple
Serving up health and fitness insights (daily, of course) with a side of irreverence.
28 Sep

Dear Carrie: Reader Question Roundup

117What is your workout schedule? What do your meals look like? How did you lose weight and stretch marks after pregnancy? These are just a few of the questions you sent in last week.

Hello, everyone! It’s Carrie Sisson here today to field your questions. Last week Mark and I asked for any questions you might have about my experience living the Primal lifestyle. I want to thank everyone who commented for your kind words and thoughtful questions. I’d love to hear your thoughts to my responses in the comment board today. Thanks again and Grok on!

Fitness Questions

What kind of workouts do you do?

I love to be outdoors, hiking or sprinting on the beach.

DSC08386

I work out in the gym with a personal trainer (a bodybuilder who won the Miss California title) to maintain my muscle tone and strength. I also do some yoga, because I love the way I feel after a class: a state of blissful inner peace that helps the rest of my day flow with ease and grace.

Weekly routine? What kind of weight training do you do? How long and how often?

Sunday – Yoga

Monday – Weights (low reps, heavy weights – chest, shoulders, tris) with my bodybuilder trainer Becky West

Tuesday – Yoga, hike an hour to an hour and a half in the Malibu hills

Wednesday – Weights (legs)

Thursday – Weights (back and biceps), hike

Friday – Off

Saturday – Sprints, either at the beach or on an elevated treadmill

How long have you been exercising?

I’ve been pretty active all my life. I played tennis, skied and water skied growing up. I jogged (maybe 10-15 miles a week) during the jogging craze. I have lifted weights since my late twenties (in fact, I met Mark in a gym in Los Angeles in 1987). I have to say that since we really started focusing on “Primal” living, I feel better and am stronger than at any other time in my life.

Do you do anything specifically for your abs?

No, I have learned that most compound exercises work the abs better than all those ab-specific exercises (and you don’t really have to think about it). The abs respond more to activities that require stabilization more than they do to just crunching.

Diet Questions

What do you eat?

Here are a couple sample menus:

Day 1

Breakfast – Green tea with heavy cream, smoothie with 30 grams protein powder and a handful of berries

Lunch – Salad with veggies, avocado and fish (usually salmon)

Dinner – Grilled fish with grilled veggies

Snacks – Half cup of plain full-fat yogurt with a bit of agave nectar

Click the images below to view the nutritional breakdown:

Picture1 8 Picture2 4

Day 2

Breakfast – Green tea with heavy cream, 3 scrambled eggs with veggies and cheese

Lunch – Kale salad (pine nuts, Parmesan cheese and raisins), cup of yogurt

Dinner – Grilled fish with steamed veggies

Snacks – Handful of nuts

Click the images below to view the nutritional breakdown:

Picture3 3 Picture4 2

How many carbs do you eat on a daily basis?

I try to stay at right around 100. I rarely exceed that amount by very much and often fall below it.

Is your diet rich in fats?

Yes, I love cheese, butter, full-fat yogurt, salad dressings made with extra virgin olive oil, nuts, seeds, avocado, fatty fish, etc.

Why have you chosen to exclude red meat and poultry from your diet?

My parents became vegetarian over 30 years ago and inundated me with the many books on the inhumane treatment of CAFO animals. I guess it sank in, because I haven’t eaten red meat or chicken since. About ten years ago, I did notice that it was difficult to get a reliable source of good protein, so I began eating fish. I now eat some form of fish every day, along with the use of supplemental protein (powders). The increased protein really boosts my energy.

How many calories do you take in for maintenance? For weight loss?

My weight never varies more than five pounds, so I don’t really count calories. I eat when I’m hungry and eliminate simple carbs most of the time. Like Mark, I can have days where I eat a fair amount (maybe 2,300 calories) and others where I can eat next to nothing and suffer no ill effects.

How sensitive for carbohydrates are you really?

I still have a sweet tooth. I think we all do, but I don’t get carried away indulging it. If I have dessert at all, it might be a taste or two at a restaurant or as a guest at someone’s house. Also, I never really appreciated how impactful grains are on my body. I do try to avoid them now. If I break down and eat grains (and I do every great once in a while – but not that much) I bloat, have gas and get a “poochy” belly.

Since women need a higher percentage of body fat than men in order to maintain normal biological functions such as their monthly cycles, do women in general have different dietary requirements than men? (for example, more carbs? more fat?)

Clearly, women need fewer calories than men overall because they tend to have less lean mass. I think it’s the hormones that helps drive the allocation of fat on women’s bodies, too. So a diet high in carbs will tend to see an even greater impact on fat storage in women. Meanwhile, I think women just need more dietary fat than most get; sometimes as a result of childbearing and nursing, other times as a result of monthly hormonal changes, etc. Women always tend to be afraid of dietary fat (and I certainly was), but I have seen that the more fat in my diet (as long as the carbs are low) the healthier I feel and the better I look.

Women’s Issues

Some friends and I were just discussing how lifestyle can affect women as they get to that stage in life where every doctor is handing out hormones. Any thoughts on this?

I am going through menopause now. I tried for a long time to do whatever I could naturally to avoid hormone replacement therapy; I tried all the herbs, black cohosh, dong Quai, Evening Primrose, macca, specific vitamin regimens, etc. The hot flashes were bearable, but when my memory started to go, I gave in. I now use bio-identical hormones in a cream form (low doses of progesterone, estrogen and testosterone) and have never felt better.

How to lose weight/stretch marks after pregnancy?

I breastfed my daughter Devyn for two years (and son Kyle for 16 months). In each case, I had my body back – or even leaner – within two months and never had stretch marks. It could be because I never gained much weight with either child. It could also be the amount of fat in my diet, the fact that I rubbed coconut oil on my belly each night or because I exercised through each pregnancy. I would say it was partly genes, but my own mother had serious stretch marks from each of her children. Maybe it’s just luck, too.

What effect has living Primally had on your reproductive health? Easier periods, etc? I used to (and sometimes still do) suffer from very painful periods and I notice that when I’m strictly off grains/refined sugars, they are less so. Do you have any observations about this? I figure if living primally is good for overall health, it has to have a positive effect on a female’s reproductive health as well.

I was not eating truly Primally until just before menopause. However, I have friends who have cut out the sugar and the grains and who no longer have menstrual cramps, their periods are lighter and they have more energy during their cycle. All the research I have read confirms that a high-fat, low-carb diet will offer those benefits. It’s just getting through the transition that is the hardest part.

Raising Children

What do you feed your children? Did you exclude all grains from your children’s diets?

I wish I had had this info when my kids were younger. They grew up on “healthy whole grains.” Of course, they have cut way back now. My 18-year-old daughter is healthier and leaner for having done so.  She eats all forms of meat, poultry, eggs and fish as her main emphasis. My 15-year-old son is still a vegetarian (his choice from age two) and has opted to cut back on grains somewhat, while increasing his salads, steamed veggies, nuts and fruits. He loves avocados, heavy whipping cream and olive oil and he does get added protein from yogurt, protein powders and some legumes.

As a mom of two small children I’m both struggling to get back to an athletic life (and lose the baby weight) and I’m trying to figure out how to get the kids to enjoy primal foods. I’ve resorted to letting them at least keep their oatmeal breakfast to get them to eat. Any thoughts and suggestions to a young family would be very welcome!

I make sure we have plenty of Primal food choices in the fridge or the pantry at all times. I also got rid of most of the non-Primal snacks, so there’s no temptation to go for a bowl of Rice Crispies instead of an apple with almond butter. We try lots of recipes until we find some that everyone enjoys. I still take my son grocery shopping with me and he likes helping plan dinners together.

My question is more for my kids. Do you have any tips for packing them good “primal friendly” lunches for school?

My daughter liked to roll turkey and cheese into little finger sandwiches (instead of bread) as her favorite lunch. I also used to give them small containers of fresh berries or celery with cream cheese or I’d cut up red bell peppers, carrots, and/or cucumbers with a home-made dipping sauce. Mark says a cold chicken leg is a great lunch meal, too.

Any advice you have to balancing role of mom in the quest for health?

I enjoyed rollerblading or jogging with my kids in a “baby-jogger” for years. As they got older, we played many games with them at least once a week outside. Soccer, tennis, biking, hiking, Frisbee, swimming at the beach, ping pong, stand-up paddling, you name it. I think kids are the best excuse for parents to get back into the mindset of the Primal law that says “Play.” Of course, it gets the kids into that mindset, too, because sometimes kids today spend way too much time inside. I also think it’s imperative that you model good eating patterns for them. Let them get involved cooking with you or food shopping or meal planning.

Odds and Ends

How long have you been Primal?

For me it has been a gradual transition. I have always valued sleep and play. Those were easy for me. I have worked out religiously since my mid-twenties – although I bought into the cardio thing for too long. I recently became a fan of sprinting, even though I was pretty good at it (=fast) for most of my life. I have always done the kind of gym workouts that focused on body parts, but within the past five years have transitioned to more full-body motions (pushups, pull-ups, dips, weighted squats and lunges, etc). The diet was more recent. I only gave up wheat three years ago. The effect was so pronounced (in a good way) that I gave up oats and other grains shortly thereafter. Now, I might eat some rice in a sushi roll or a tortilla chip here and there, but usually that’s only when we go out to eat (because I simply don’t keep those things at home).

What do you do to take care of your skin? It looks like you have very few freckles, wrinkles, or age spots (or stretch marks!!) despite living the “Malibu lifestyle” with lots of sun.

I do live the Malibu lifestyle and spend a good deal of time in the sun, but I am adamant about keeping my face, chest and arms covered with clothing, shade or a good combo UVA/UVB sunscreen. That way, I get my tan and my vitamin D, but minimize the ageing part. I also do take advantage of twenty-first century medicine in that I do micro-dermabrasion on my face and neck and get glycolic acid peels once in a while.

I am very interested in the primal female perspective and how it might differ, even if only slightly, from the males.

I have spent the past few years studying spiritual psychology and noting the energetic differences between men and women (and how to coexist peacefully with those differences!). I love the Primal concept and think Mark has really hit on a novel way of viewing how we evolved physically. I do believe we (men and women) are different energetically and can each take the Ten Blueprint Laws and apply them in our own unique way. For example, I like the idea of going barefoot a lot, and I do so around the house and on the beach, but you won’t catch me wearing FiveFingers to the gym anytime soon. And there’s no way I’m ever giving up my Manolo Blahniks.

You want comments? We got comments:

Imagine you’re George Clooney. Take a moment to admire your grooming and wit. Okay, now imagine someone walks up to you and asks, “What’s your name?” You say, “I’m George Clooney.” Or maybe you say, “I’m the Clooninator!” You don’t say “I’m George of George Clooney Sells Movies Blog” and you certainly don’t say, “I’m Clooney Weight Loss Plan”. So while spam is technically meat, it ain’t anywhere near Primal. Please nickname yourself something your friends would call you.

  1. yay Carrie, thanks so much for your replies! I hope we’ll be seeing more of you in MDA and there will be more Dear Carrie posts.

    marci wrote on September 28th, 2009
  2. Hi Carrie!

    I so enjoyed reading your post! I am 25 weeks pregnant with my second son and am sticking to a Primal type eating and exercise routine. I had a great delivery the first timie around, but I hope my reduction in grains and crabs and increase in Omega-3s make this delivery even easier.

    I will be an avid reader of your posts!

    Hiit Mama wrote on September 28th, 2009
  3. OOPS – I meant carbs. Hee hee.

    Hiit Mama wrote on September 28th, 2009
  4. lol, I thought crabs would be a good source of Omega3’s ;)

    -Jess

    Jessica wrote on September 28th, 2009
  5. fantastic post! i’ve been reading the blog for over a year, but was actually carrie’s picture that inspired me to buy the book and give up grains.

    mom500 wrote on September 28th, 2009
  6. Great post Carrie, thank you!! :-)

    Ruth wrote on September 28th, 2009
  7. Hi Carrie,

    Nice to meet you through MDA!

    Are you concerned about mercury poisoning by eating fish every day? I read in an article recenty that the actor Jeremy Piven got mercury poison from regularly eating sushi (sometimes twice a day). I try to eat wild caught salmon at least once a week (and sometimes more) but would be concerned about eating fish every day.

    DaveFish wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • Dave, I almost never eat tuna. I eat salmon the most, then I mix it up with shrimp, halibut, swordfish, trout, etc.

      Carrie wrote on September 28th, 2009
      • Hi Carrie:Isn’t swordfish supposed to be one of the worst fish for containing mercury?

        Sarah wrote on October 20th, 2011
  8. Thanks for taking time to answer our questions!
    I’m *seriously* jealous of your legs…

    Indiscreet wrote on September 28th, 2009
  9. Thank you sooo much for the detailed responses. Wonderful to hear a woman’s perspective. By the way I totally agree with you on the menstrual cramps. I’ve had terrible, debilitating cramps since the age of 14 (nothing ever medically wrong). I’ve been primal for a few months and had my *first* pain-free period at the age of 40 last month. Wow!

    nina_70 wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • I concur. That is one of the first and most impactful things I’ve encountered since going primal. The cramps have disappeared. I suffered severe (like take an entire day off of work/so sick severe)menstrual cramping and pain from age 12 to about 2 months ago as well. I went primal towards the end of July and have been shocked at the relief. I’ve only lost about 5 pounds and 1.5 “dress size’s” total, but I will never go back if it means reverting back to the pain. Thanks Mark and Carrie!

      CKB wrote on September 30th, 2009
    • You have no idea how happy your post just made me. I’ve just “gone primal” within the last month and am, as I write this, suffering through what I hope is one of the last excruciating periods. What a wonderful glimmer of hope you’ve provided – thanks!

      Dheana wrote on November 30th, 2011
  10. “Weights (low reps, heavy weights – chest, shoulders, tris)”

    OMG, Carrie! Haven’t you heard that heavy weightlifting makes women bulky, grotesque and prone to spontaneous baby oil applications??? You’re a ticking time bomb!

    Kurt Hessenbruch wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • WHEW! Thank God! If you didn’t warn her, I was gonna have to!

      littlelam wrote on September 28th, 2009
      • totally just testing this gravatar thing…..

        littlelam wrote on September 28th, 2009
  11. what is the “heavy cream” that you have with green tea. I’ve been looking for a decent type of creamer for my tea to no avail.

    Joel wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • I just use Horizon Organic Heavy Whipping Cream

      Carrie wrote on September 28th, 2009
      • another alternative is raw, pasture-fed heavy cream. So much yummy vitamin K2!!

        Ann wrote on October 25th, 2012
  12. Carrie-
    Thanks for all the womanly insight! With 2 youngsters at home we are really trying to get them involved in the food prep- helping harvest at farms, canning, baking and meal planning. We are Crossfitters and hope to get the kids on a Crossfit kids program soon too. One thing we do with the kids is sign them up for local kids fun runs- they usually get a medal for participating and have so much fun doing it. Our 7 and 4 year old both just finished a 3/4mile run last week! Setting a good example by having them watch us workout is key too- especially for my 4 year old daughter- seeing mom workout really sets that foundation for her that women are STRONG too!!
    Looking forward to more of your posts :o)

    mustangsally wrote on September 28th, 2009
  13. I’m a bit worried about how I might handle pregnancy if/when I get to that stage of my life. I’m fairly certain that I could eat Primally during a pregnancy without problems, but I’m also fairly certain that my mother (who is, in some areas, still held in the throes of CW) will freak out and insist that I need to eat a bunch of extra carbohydrates (via hypersugary fruit and other things I have no intention of eating).

    GeriMorgan wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • I’ve had 3 healthy pregnancies with minimal doctor’s care. I tend to listen to ‘old folk advice’ and the one thing that was stressed to me was, ‘Gal, don’t eat too much of de starches an’ you gon’ be ok’.

      I guess the old folk knew a little about the damage of processed carbohydrates even without a scientific explanation. Just tell your mom that you are concerned about gestational diabetes and maybe she’ll go easy on ya. :-)

      Thanks Carrie! Looking forward to your continual contribution. :-)

      seporter003 wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • Geri, it’s easier if you have already had a few months eating Primally before getting pregnant. Even if you don’t go “full Primal” you can certainly cut the grains and sugars and be doing you and your baby a huge favor. Nobody needs a “ton” of carbs.

      Carrie wrote on September 28th, 2009
  14. the carbs/menstruation link is so very strong! i binged on carbs this past weekend for the first time in months and i’m having the worst cramps i’ve had in….months. coincidence? i think not.

    carrie, this was awesome to read! i hope to see much more of you here!

    jennifer wrote on September 28th, 2009
  15. Dear Carrie, thank you for taking the time to reply to all our questions. I hope I’m atleast half as fit as you when I’m your age. I hope we have more such posts from you.

    maba wrote on September 28th, 2009
  16. Let’s get a Primal gathering in Santa Barbara, Malibu, or Santa Monica; Los Angeles just does not seem like it fits the primal lifestyle (sorry).

    I think it would be terrific to meet Mark, Carrie, and the other fellow PBers in the area.

    Consider it a social party with primal food and games of ultimate frisbee and beach sprints. Anyone care to bring their mace?

    bfaber87 wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • Or in Culver City! Don’t knock LA and surrounding environs. There are lots of great primal things to do here. Santa Barbara would be a bit far for me, but I think the LA area (including Malibu, Santa Monica, Manhattan beach, Culver City, etc.) needs a primal gathering.

      Aaron Blaisdell wrote on September 29th, 2009
  17. i am super glad you answered these questions, thank you so much!
    i am 26 and because of lifestyle and and lot of psychological stress i suffered in my early years i am pretty hormonally deficient. i do, however take DHEA to help my body produce its own and am wondering if you have looked into it as opposed to hormone replacement therapy. also the role of cholesterol(horray red meat!) in producing hormones. just a few thoughts!

    jessica wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • DHEA is a hormone, a form of androsterone/testosterone. Using DHEA is a form of hormone therapy.

      mm wrote on August 5th, 2010
  18. Carrie, it’s so generous of you to share some of your everyday routines with all of us. I’m 46, began lifting weights and eating healthy in college and now people think I am 35 and sometimes younger. It’s not all about looking younger of course, feeling good and energetic everyday is also great.
    Look forward to future posts from you!

    btw Joel, I recently found a creamer made from coconut milk at my health food co-op. Regular and vanilla flavor, not too bad in carbs and very tasty! I’m sorry I can’t remember the brand name but I can get if you want.

    Michelle wrote on September 28th, 2009
  19. Thank you for your wonderful answers Carrie, great to read :)

    Dollface wrote on September 28th, 2009
  20. Hi Carrie,

    You probably already know this, but you may want to make sure your Horizon organic whipping cream isn’t ULTRA-pasteurized. If so, check out the date, usually 2 months out. It has a super long shelf-life and doesn’t even need to be refrigerated, that’s how highly heated/processed (and dead) it is.

    Raw cream is my favorite, but otherwise, I’ll use non-organic to avoid ultra-pasteurization.

    Kelly

    Kelly the Kitchen Kop wrote on September 28th, 2009
    • I second Kelly’s advice. The Whole Foods in the LA area carries raw cream which is absolutely delicious in coffee, or on fruit, or on its own. It’s sold in squat glass bottles (forgot the brand name). I believe all of the Horizon’s organic milk products (including cream) are ultra-pasteurized and homogenized.

      Aaron Blaisdell wrote on September 29th, 2009
    • Raw cream is about $12/pint in Ojai. How are we to get good dairies that sell sell real milk and cheese for fair prices? The providers are shut down. Here we use an illegal system.

      heykapo wrote on September 30th, 2009
  21. All I can say is you are doing something right because you both look like the picture of health.

    sandra wrote on September 28th, 2009
  22. Thanks for taking the time to do this, Carrie! You’re truly an inspiration.

    FlyNavyWife wrote on September 28th, 2009
  23. Carrie, you look amazing! I started going Primal during the Primal Challenge, and while I’m not perfect in my food choices, I’ve severely limited my grains and carbs. My cravings have diminished significantly – vanished, almost! – and I’m feeling better than ever. You’re definitely an inspiration to all of us women, no matter what age we are!

    Chris wrote on September 28th, 2009
  24. Carrie,
    Thank you again for the feedback. I was a little disappointed about what you wrote about the stretch marks. Not because you never got them (lol), but because it sounds like there is no hope in getting my cute tummy back-so sad. I am lucky in that I did not get really deep marks and I only got a few, but from losing weight and gaining and losing (CW dieting)-I have even more. I was hoping that there was more hope for them…oh well. Life goes on.

    You and Mark are such an inspiration and I am so appy you took time to answer our questions here-

    pauleygirl wrote on September 28th, 2009
  25. I have been doing a lot more hiking lately with my kids and really enjoy the entire aspect of it– being outdoors, getting plenty of fresh air and exercise, learning about the environment and mostly the playing. Once a week is a prescription to happiness.

    katbarnett16 wrote on September 28th, 2009
  26. I think Carrie should be a regular contributor!

    Carrie– I’ve a question. Since you are going through menopause, do you find that your body is changing and that it’s more difficult to keep the weight off? Are you finding certain areas on your body more troublesome than others?

    Ecala wrote on September 29th, 2009
    • Ecala, my weight did not change during peri menopause or menopause until I starting using the HRT or Hormone Cream. That caused me to gain a few extra pounds around my abs and hips. It took my body about 6 weeks to normalize back to the weight and body fat % I prefer. I was very conscious about my simple carb intake during that time period. There isn’t a food on this planet that tastes good enough to temp me away from the feeling I know I’ll get when I put on a little black dress or pair of jeans and FEEL GREAT!

      Carrie wrote on September 29th, 2009
      • What a beautiful philosophy. I have so often given in to terrible food cravings even though I knew it wasn’t helping my body look or feel good. It’s nice to hear your perspective. Thanks!

        Amanda wrote on February 26th, 2011
  27. Thanks Carrie. I’m going to have my lady take a look at this.

    Andy

    Andy Mecock wrote on September 29th, 2009
  28. Great post! & good nutritional breakdown.

    Vic Magary - GymJunkies wrote on September 29th, 2009
  29. Thank you so much for your answers.

    erica wrote on September 29th, 2009
    • No – thank YOU Don Draper! {swoon}

      Daisygg wrote on September 29th, 2009
  30. Thanks for this, you look amazing. Just one question, what type of protein do you use, whey?

    Laura wrote on September 29th, 2009
    • Laura, yes, mostly whey.

      Carrie wrote on September 29th, 2009
  31. Carrie’s a great role model for what is possible regarding staying fit and healthy.

    Best,

    Yavor

    Yavor wrote on September 29th, 2009
  32. Thanks so much for this post. It was great hearing a woman’s perspective and the daily breakdown was a great illustration for me as I am trying to phase out grains in my diet.

    k8 wrote on September 29th, 2009
  33. I’m with you, Carrie. I love the primal lifestyle, but I’m not giving up my pretty shoes any time soon. ;-)

    Thanks for all the great responses to these questions.

    Kim Birch, Nutrition & Weight Loss Coach wrote on September 29th, 2009
  34. what did you use to track your calories / food eaten? Was is a website?

    Great post and info. I’ll be passing it along to my g/f

    thanks,
    brian

    brian p wrote on September 29th, 2009
  35. Thanks for taking the time to share with us, Carrie!

    Yummy wrote on September 29th, 2009
  36. Yeah, don’t be a stranger now :D We’d love to see more of you here.

    Thanks very much.

    Ecala wrote on September 29th, 2009
  37. Hi Carrie – thanks for the inspiration! I also enjoy green tea -with whole milk -(despite giggles from the Japanese waitresses) :)

    Since I don’t love green tea it makes it more palatable. However, I read that the dairy erases all the benefits of the green tea (I forget the exact science). Have you heard this as well?

    SugarCookieBrooklyn wrote on September 29th, 2009
  38. I’ve understood that as well– that cream negates the benefits of the EGCG in green tea.

    Ecala wrote on September 30th, 2009
  39. It’s great to hear about the primal lifestyle from a woman’s point of view! I’m so glad I’m not the only one who won’t give up ridiculously high heels just because I eat primally! I’m wondering about your dairy consumption. In the sample meal plans, you have yogurt, heavy cream, and cheese (although not all in the same day). As far as I know, MDA hasn’t really made a stand either way on dairy, so I was wondering what your thoughts were.

    P.S. You look great! Talk about inspiration to keep eating and working out this way!

    Deanna wrote on October 3rd, 2009
  40. Thanks for sharing, Carrie, it’s been very helpful to hear your perspective. I hope to hear more! Two questions — you write that you tend to eat a lot of fish — particularly for dinner. I know Mark eats quite a bit of meat. Does that mean you two are preparing/eating different primal meals for dinner?

    Also, you write that you have broken free of the chronic cardio craze. I would dearly love to learn more about that journey. How you broke free — was it gradual? — as was your gravitation towards eating purely primal. Or did you just wake up one morning and say “I’m done.” I know Mark’s shift was inspired in part by some injuries and occurred over time. What’s your story? Thanks again for sharing! Michelle

    Michelle Silbernagel wrote on October 5th, 2009

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