Marks Daily Apple
Serving up health and fitness insights (daily, of course) with a side of irreverence.
31 Oct

Smart Fuel: Coconut

In the Phillipines, it’s called the “Tree of Life.” Malays refer to it as pokok seribu guna, “the tree of a thousand uses.” Yes, today’s edition of Smart Fuel is all about the coconut. I’m going to focus purely on the culinary benefits, but the non-culinary, utilitarian advantages of the coconut are many, varied, and point to the coconut’s position as the ultimate Primal food. We can imagine early man using the husks for ropes and brushes, the leaves for roofing material and basket making, and the dried shells for musical instruments or food storage. Nowadays, coconut water is used as an intravenous fluid, the empty shells as improvised explosive devices, and the husks as floor buffers. Now, none of that probably concerns you, but I find it absolutely fascinating. Okay – on to the actual meat of the topic.

The common coconut, the fruit of the coconut tree, is actually a nut (looking at the word “coconut,” I guess that shouldn’t be too surprising, but we have a history of bestowing the name “nut” on non-nuts, so I thought I should clarify). It is edible in all stages of development, but the meat changes as it ages. In the younger, greener years, the coconut meat is soft, almost gelatin-like – enough so to earn the moniker “coconut jelly.” This is when the coconut water is the sweetest; as it ages, the water can get a bit bitter. Older coconuts – the hairy ones – are incredibly tough to crack, but the meat is dense, slightly sweet, and perfect for shredding or cooking.

Coconut meat is high in healthy saturated fat, with decent amounts of protein and a low glycemic index. A cup of shredded, raw coconut meat contains 27 grams of fat, mostly saturated; 3 grams of protein; and 12 grams of carbohydrates, mostly fiber. It can also be dried and ground into coconut flour, which can effectively replace traditional flours for Primal baking or sauce thickening (much like other popular nut flours).

Another delicious aspect of the coconut is the water. Coconut water (not to be confused with coconut milk, which is actually manmade – see below for a recipe) is that liquid you hear sloshing around inside. As I said earlier, the younger coconuts will have sweeter water, so go for those. Of course, you could just buy the pre-drained coconut water, but I think cracking your own coconut and draining it yourself is much more enjoyable (and Primal). Coconut water has natural electrolytes (potassium and other minerals), making it an effective (albeit expensive) sports drink. It also just tastes great, and isn’t that reason enough to drink it?

But coconut oil is perhaps the greatest Primal food obtained from the coconut. It’s good for moderately low-heat cooking, or you could just eat it with a spoon for a serving of healthy fat. In a previous post, coconut oil figured prominently in our recipe for Primal Energy Bars. It’s a great binder, especially for nut and fruit bars. I guess you could technically use olive oil, but that just doesn’t sound very appetizing. Oh, and with coconut oil, you’ll want to get the unrefined variety (in true Primal fashion). Keep coconut oil at room temperature, and don’t let it get too hot or too cold.

How to Pick a Coconut

Most coconuts you come across will likely be in an air-conditioned produce section, so the quality and freshness are mostly assured. Still, you want to pick the very best nuts possible. It’s not all that complicated an elimination process, to be honest: pick the heaviest coconuts that slosh the most, and watch out for soft spots. And obviously you’ll want to avoid any blatant discolorations.

Opening a Coconut

This is arguably the best part. Opening a coconut is good, honest work, and it should unlock your inner hunter-gatherer. Young coconuts go pretty easily. All you need is a large, sharp knife (like a cleaver, or a machete, or a large chef’s knife). As you’ll see in the video below, the tops of most young store-bought coconuts are triangular points with the hard green shell already removed, making it easy to hack off.

Mature coconuts are hard and hairy. You may want to drain the mature coconut before opening it – do so by locating the three “eyes” of the coconut, and then driving a nail or screwdriver through the soft one. After the liquid is drained, find the equator. There should be a small, but apparent seam running between the “eyes.” Hit a blunt object (hammer or heavy dull side of a knife) along the seam, and it should crack open.

Another method is to put the coconut in a durable bag and crush it with a large rock or hammer. Or, you could treat it like a modified Primal workout and slam it repeatedly against the ground. Either way, the coconut flesh is actually more easily obtainable in tiny pieces. To get the meat, pry it off with a butter knife.

Okay, you’ve got your hands on some fresh coconut. What now?

Homemade Coconut Milk

Contrary to popular opinion, coconut milk has to be made. It doesn’t occur naturally. Here’s how to do it at home:

2.5 ounces fresh grated coconut (finely grated – use a food processor if you have to)
1 1/2 cups hot (simmering) water

Pour water over coconut shavings. Let sit for five minutes, and then puree the mixture in a blender. Strain the puree through a cheesecloth or strainer, making sure to squeeze out as much liquid as possible. For thicker milk, use less water. Use the milk in any recipe that calls for it, or just drink it straight. Enjoy.

Primal Coconut Pudding

This incredibly easy pudding recipe is best served hot and fresh.

1 can coconut milk (or use an equal amount of homemade milk)
1 egg yolk
3 or 4 tablespoons almond flour
A bit of maple syrup or honey

Stir yolk, flour, and honey/syrup together to form a paste. Using a small pan, heat it over medium heat for one minute. Add the milk and turn the heat up. Once it starts boiling, stir continuously to get all the lumps out. Once it’s smooth, turn off the heat and serve. A few berries, nuts, or banana slices go well with this. Maybe add a drop or two of vanilla, or even a pinch of cinnamon.

Thai Coconut Soup

It’s all too often that we forgo Thai food because rice, noodles, and peanuts figure so prominently in the cuisine. This soup recipe is Primal while retaining the Thai essence.

6 cups chicken stock
2-4 hot chiles (Thai, jalepeno, habanero, depending on your bravery), finely chopped and seeded (or not, again depending on your bravery)
3 cloves garlic, chopped
2 tablespoons grated ginger
2 teaspoons grated lemon zest
1 teaspoon lime zest
1/4 cup lime juice
4 tablespoons Thai fish sauce
1/2 pound sliced mushrooms
1 cup coconut milk
2 cups baby spinach
2 tablespoons chopped cilantro
Chicken (in strips), shrimp, or your favorite protein source

In a medium saucepan, combine broth, chiles, garlic, ginger, zest, lime juice, and 3 tablespoons of fish sauce and season with salt. Bring to a simmer and add mushrooms. After three minutes of simmering, add the meat and coconut milk. Cook the meat through, then add the spinach, letting it simmer until the spinach wilts. Add the cilantro and the remaining fish sauce. Serve and enjoy.

What about you, readers? Any great recipe ideas?

branding king, Samuel Gardiner, bradlauster, jaboobie, my amii Flickr Photos (CC)

Further Reading:

Make Your Own Primal Energy Bars in 10 Easy Steps

How to Make Your Own Jerky

10 Ways to “Get Primal”

You want comments? We got comments:

Imagine you’re George Clooney. Take a moment to admire your grooming and wit. Okay, now imagine someone walks up to you and asks, “What’s your name?” You say, “I’m George Clooney.” Or maybe you say, “I’m the Clooninator!” You don’t say “I’m George of George Clooney Sells Movies Blog” and you certainly don’t say, “I’m Clooney Weight Loss Plan”. So while spam is technically meat, it ain’t anywhere near Primal. Please nickname yourself something your friends would call you.

  1. Hmm, that looks like quite a fun time. I’ve never found coconut milk to agree with me for some reason, though coconut oil is absolutely delicious! Putting it on crackers has been a guilty pleasure in the past, though I like to think I’ve given that up.

    That recipe sounds great, and I can imagine it would be great with tempeh (yup, that would be the remaining vegetarian bias shining through).

    Katie wrote on October 31st, 2008
  2. Thanks for these great tips and recipes.
    Sometimes when i want to eat coconut, i’ll mix a little with 1/2 banana, and a few chunks of pineapple. I never knew how to pick a coconut, thanks for this great tip. The Thai Coconut Soup sounds great. In the city i live we actually have 1 “Thai Crusine” Rest. I’ve never been there, but this soup sounds delicious!!!

    Donna wrote on October 31st, 2008
  3. I’m glad to see how the tide has turned for the coconut — I never believed something so good could be so bad.

    And then there’s my tai chi teacher’s stunt for opening a coconut.

    Mike wrote on October 31st, 2008
  4. I am a big coconut fan. Guilty, if anything, of overconsumption. Without going into the gory details, I have some evidence that if you too mcuh coconut oil or cream, it may not fully digest!

    I buy solid blocks of coconut ‘cream’ which is often sold at West Indian shops and is a highly concentrated form with a lot of the solids, but not all, taken out. Very more-ish if you eat it, but also a very easy way to cook, because grating small amounts into food has a big effect.

    I am convinced that with eggs, nuts, this solid coconut cream, and a fruit like banana, it would be possible to make a dynamite cheesecake. I just don’t know how to get from A to B….

    Methuselah - Pay Now Live Later wrote on October 31st, 2008
  5. Awesome post mark! I did an article on coconut a while back that your readers will probably enjoy as it compliments this one nicely….

    I love coconut soup and your recipe will be something on my to do list this weekend!

    Chris - Zen to Fitness wrote on October 31st, 2008
  6. Ah yes, I love the coconut. I crack a fresh one open every now and then. It is a lot of work but it is fun and feels very primal. I also have a shot of coconut milk almost every day. I like the taste and I can feel my body heat up like a furnace (Maybe it increases my metabolism?). I also like cooking with coconut oil and using coconut oil and shredded coconut in my primal energy bars. We also like doing coconut milk and shredded coconut with shrimp yum yum. With my in-laws all being thai or phillipino, coconut is a food that we can all agree on too for get-togethers.

    Son of Grok wrote on October 31st, 2008
  7. Um.. ok , that makes me sound like a coconut freak. I don’t overdo the coconut but I consume a fair amount of it 😉

    Son of Grok wrote on October 31st, 2008
  8. I like cutting up some fruit, like strawberries or just some grapes and putting a big tsp of cocnut oil on top and then just toss gently.
    It imparts a great flavor on the fruit and it’s an easy way of getting some good fat in. (I get real hungry after my workouts sometimes and the coconut oil/fat real helps with the hunger)
    Here’s a picture and post

    Have a great weekend everyone!

    Marc Feel Good Eating wrote on October 31st, 2008
  9. My favorite coconut story took place in Vietnam – a local townsman climbed up the tree, dropped the coconuts to the ground, took a mashete-looking knife, whacked off the tops and stuck straws in for us to drink the right out of the fresh coconut. It was delicious…..

    Holly wrote on October 31st, 2008
  10. Coconut rocks my socks! I am convinced that it is a total superfood.

    In fact, after a 8 week fat loss stall I switched to coconut products and cut out dairy this week and lost 3kg (6.6lb) in 5 days which is just ridiculous (but awesome) 😀

    It makes me so grumpy to think that I avoided coconut for so many years because I was duped into thinking it was bad for me!!

    CC wrote on October 31st, 2008
  11. I’m a sucker for anything coconut flavored; smoothies, curries, soups…

    I’m reminded of Mary Anne’s coconut cream pies on Gilligan’s Island. (Gilligan’s favorite!) And remember when the Professor made a lie detector out of coconut shells?

    dragonmamma wrote on October 31st, 2008
  12. Hey Mark – I am from a coconut country, kerala, southern state of India. We have been told that coconut is not so good for health – and I am glad to know it is a primal thing. BTW, climbing up the coconut tree and plucking it also is very primal stuff. There is also another technique in getting the water out of the coconut, you bang it on the middle of the coconut with a heavy knife or on the ground. You can peal the coconut meat easier when it opens up.

    Jayadeep Purushothaman wrote on October 31st, 2008
  13. Coconut, coconut oil, coconut cream – healthy?! What the? Mark I loved this article, it is so great to see some honest information on the field of nutrition, something that is not tainted by the influential power of the food companies. I have been advising my clients/readers on the importance of good fats for years now (although, no, I wasn’t always so well-informed, thank-you grain industry) but most people out there still think that means a sliver of avocado and a dash of olive oil now and then. Maybe the occasional Omega-3. While all this stuff is great, nature has provided us with many healthy fat options that many of us in the Western world are only just coming round on. Coconut products are one such food. Since adding coconut oil to my diet I’ve had better energy and digestion, improved performance (in the gym!), and have definitely managed my weight with greater ease. Keep up the real writing Mark!

    Kat wrote on October 31st, 2008
  14. Hey Mark,

    The coconut pudding sounds awesome! I’m definitely going to give that a try!

    Thanks for the post

    All the Best,

    Andrew R

    Andrew R wrote on November 1st, 2008
  15. Great article, I love coconut but always felt kind of clueless about how to use it (and open it!). I actually bought a bag of dried shredded coconut last week because it was the first time I found some that wasn’t sweetened. Wasn’t sure what to do with it, but now I feel inspired. =)

    Heather wrote on November 2nd, 2008
  16. Not only for healthy food, coconut tree also now as green material. I developed and produce coconut flooring (hardwood flooring) from old coconut tree which not bear fruits anymore and should replanted. Please check my web for further details.

    Ikmawan wrote on November 5th, 2008
  17. Hi Mark,

    I recently wrote an article on the benefits of coconut, specifically coconut oil, as well. Many people are not are of it’s “magical properties”. It’s a bummer that for so long coconuts and coconut oil, although incredibly nutritious, have gotten a bad rap due to the saturated fat content. I am glad that a new light is being shed on the topic and more people are becoming aware.

    If you are interested in checking out the article, here is the link:


    Sheila | Live Well 360° wrote on November 17th, 2008
  18. I also love coconut! Coconut water is a great drink anytime of the year. But getting to the water is a real workout for me.

    Btw, I also wrote about the Benefits of Coconut at:

    Cambree wrote on August 20th, 2009
  19. thanks for the demo. I have two questions regarding coconut milk:

    1) do you use the jelly meat of a young green coconut or the dryer meat of a mature coconut? I’ve heard the meat of young green coconut is richer in nutrients, as is the water

    2) how do they get the canned coconut milks to be so thick? it just seems so creamy.. are the using young or mature coconuts? and i guess very little water?


    vandana wrote on September 12th, 2009
  20. Is it good, or at least ok, to eat one fresh coconut a day (water and flesh)? I am trying to go primal but I do not want to be overdoing on the fats….

    Jessica wrote on October 18th, 2009
  21. Too many web sites are promoting coconut oil, palm oil and soy bean oil. All of these oils will eventually harm you. I only use olive and grape seed oil. I do not use saturated oils, butters, margarines, Trans fats (hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils), any processed soy product, and vegetable oils like cotton seed, corn, and canola. Three years ago I switched to olive and grape seed oil. It has made such a change to my body, it lowered my total cholesterol over 100 points and I do not eat oat meal or take meds. My blood pressure is now 60 over 105 it was 90 over 135. I now have a pulse of 58. I am over 40 years old. My doctor is baffled how I achieved this with out meds. I mostly eat egg whites, chicken, turkey, lean pork, some fish – not too much because of mercury, vegetables, fruits, rice, home made bread, and my favorite chocolate peanut butter muffins only sweetened with apple sauce! I avoid eating out, you cannot control what’s in that food. I do not eat deli meats, hot dogs, and bacon, all have high sodium and nitrates that can cause colon and prostate cancers. I do not eat soy products because they cause hormone issues and inflammation of arteries around the heart. I also do not drink tap water because it contains chlorine and high amounts of iron which can be harmful if you have hemochromotosis – genetic disorder that goes undetected by most doctors in the U.S. that makes the body store too much iron and will eventually kill you by the time your in your 50’s and is usually misdiagnosed as either a heart attach or liver cancer

    Scott wrote on December 17th, 2009
  22. I am not a doctor. The paragraph I wrote is from personal experience and is not
    intended to treat or diagnose any medical problems.

    Scott wrote on December 17th, 2009
  23. Hi Mark, I was wondering if you could clarify something for me. I was reading about mature coconuts and that they are high in calories/fat. Then I did some research on young coconuts to see if the young coconut was any different (w/ regards to nutrition)because it tasted a lot sweeter than compared to a mature coconut. A mature coconut has around 1400 calories composed mostly of fat, around 90%. While a young coconut has only 140 calories 30 carbs and only 3 grams of fat. So I was wondering in regards to nutrition should us primal eaters be more careful of eating the young coconut vs. the mature one because of the young coconuts higher carb amount (w/out any fat to slow down the absorption of glucose). It seems that because of the young coconuts low fat to higher carb ratio the sugar entering the blood stream would create a spike in insulin when compared to the more caloric/fatter/denser mature coconut. I am asking because I am a type one diabetic and whenever I have a mature coconut my sugar stays constant after that. But when I tried a young coconut my sugar spiked from 135 to 295(way above normal). Woudn’t this be of concern for someone who is trying to lose weight b/c increase in insulin=increase in fat?
    Thank you for your time :)

    Jamil wrote on March 7th, 2010
  24. After seeing me drink coconut milk and water and using coconut oil on just about everything, my dad bought me a coconut!
    It was a nice surprise, and I’m looking forward to cracking it open (:

    Gabrielle Radcliffe wrote on March 25th, 2010
  25. I tried making coconut butter today. Found a couple links about it here:

    and here:

    Depending on how well your food processor/blender works, adding a little coconut oil might really help. I had to add a little to mine. The problem was that the shredded coconut I used started clinging to the sides, and no matter how much I scraped it down, about 2 seconds after running the processor again, the entire mixture would stick to the sides again, and none of it got processed. Adding more shredded coconut just made the processor freeze.

    When I added the oil, it blended, but it didn’t blend the shredded coconut anymore, hence the remaining mealy/grainy texture. I have tried making almond butter before, though, and that didn’t work, so maybe it’s not the coconut, but just the appliance(s) I’m using.

    Anyway, if you’ve got a quality processor or blender, I definitely think it’s worth a shot. Even though my coconut butter is halfway there and has that mealy texture, it still tastes pretty good 😀

    Matt wrote on October 1st, 2010
  26. Coconut oil IS good for high heat. Better than all other oils. Check Sally Fallon and Mary Enig at Weston Price Foundation. All kinds of research, and it’s real, not paid for by someone who is interested in skewing results.

    Marie Kloep wrote on October 11th, 2010
  27. For a richer coconut milk try squeezing the shredded coconut meat without adding any water. You’re going to need strong hands or a juicer, but the result is worth it.

    Andrea Reina wrote on November 18th, 2010
  28. I was going to leave a thoughts on your blog, then changed my mind. Don’t you mind everyone wanting to know what topic theme it is? Will it be custom-made? I Appreciate It in advance, Felix. I adore the style of your theme. You mind sharing the specific themeyou are using? Thanks tons, Joanne.

    Isis Oden wrote on January 12th, 2011
  29. You make the point about how the term “nut” is extended to many foods that aren’t nuts in a strict sense, but coconut is a perfect example of that! Coconuts are NOT nuts!

    Mike wrote on February 11th, 2011

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